Two Gentlemen of Verona by A.J. Cronin : Solutions | Notes

Q1 .. What are the qualities of a “gentleman”? Work with your partner and complete the following web-chart by listing the qualities of a gentleman.


Ans: A gentleman should be honest, sincere, courteous, noble, humble, grateful, cheerful, amicable, sociable, polished, disciplined and punctual.
Q2 .. Based on your discussion above, what do you think the story is about?

Ans: The story is about the display of gentlemanly behaviour of two gentlemen hailing/coming from Verona, an Italian town.
Q3 .. What do you understand by the following statements?


(a) “We do many things, sir,” Nicola answered seriously. He glanced at us hopefully.

Ans: The two boys Nicola and Jacopo do many sorts of things to make a living. Sometimes they are seen selling wild-strawberries, sometimes shining shoes, sometimes guiding tourists through the town to Verona and sometimes selling newspapers. They were eagerly looking at the author and his driver Luigi for a positive response.
(b) He coloured deeply under his sunburn, then grew pale.

Ans: When the author asked Nicola what they did with the earnings, he was embarrassed. He did not want to disclose it as he was unwilling to draw sympathy from anyone. He and his brother Jacopo earned the needed money by hard work and honest ways in order to sustain the expenses of their ailing sister Lucia. They had much self-respect and determination. So Nicola grew pale while trying to maintain secrecy.
(c) He smiled uncomfortably. “Just plans, Sir,” he answered in a low voice.

Ans: Nicola was uncomfortable talking to the author because the author had repeatedly tried to extract his plans. He even asked him whether they were planning to go to America. But, Nicola and Jacopo, whose first preference was to make their sister recover from spinal tuberculosis, did not want anybody’s sympathy. So they tried to evade answering the question by simply saying “just plans”.
(d) Yet in both these boyish faces there was a seriousness which was far beyond their years.

Ans: Nicola and Jacopo had to face much hardship since their childhood. They were rendered motherless by cruel fate and their father had been killed in a shelling at their house. Being homeless they joined the army to fight the Germans. When the war was over they returned to find their sister suffering from spinal tuberculosis. In order to afford her medical expenses they had to do a variety of works at a tender age. They lost much of their child-like behaviour and began behaving like adults in terms of taking responsibilities and earning money.
6. (a) Why didn’t Luigi, the driver, approve of the two boys?

Ans: Luigi, the driver, thought them to be impostors trying to fleece wayfarers and travelers. Their appearance and attires looked uncouth and shabby.
6. (b) Why were the narrator and his companion impressed by the two boys?

Ans: The narrator and his companion were impressed with the simplicity, behaviour and seriousness of the two boys.
6.(c) Why was the author surprised to see Nicola and Jacopo working as shoeshine boys?

Ans: The author was surprised to find Nicola and Jacopo working as shoeshine boys as he had seen seen them selling wild strawberries the other day.
6.(d) How were the boys useful to the author?

Ans: The boys were used by the author to buy American cigarettes, or book seats for the opera, or suggest the name of a good restaurant.
6. (e) Why were the boys in the deserted square at night? What character traits do they exhibit?

Ans: The boys were waiting at the deserted square at night to catch the last bus to Poleta so that they could sell off the remaining unsold newspapers.

They exhibit the character traits of forbearance, determination and sense of responsibility.
6. (f) The narrator asks the boys, “Must you work so hard? You both look rather tired.”

The boys reply, “We are not complaining, Sir.” What do you learn about the boys from their reply?

Ans: The reply from the boys show them to be unfaultering at times of hardship. Rather than complaining about their plight, they were struggling hard with a positive attitude to overcome difficulties and change their condition. That’s the spirit we need to learn at our times of adversity.
(g) When the narrator asks the boys about their plans, they are evasive. Why don’t they disclose their problems?

Ans: Though the boys were poor, they were free. They earned whatever they could by honest means. They wanted to solve the problems on their own. Rather than garnering sympathy and financial support from others by telling their sob-story, they preferred maintaining their self-respect. They were born of a noble family. So they had nobility in their attitude. Besides they were able to provide for the necessary medical expenses for their sister every week even though working hard. So they didn’t disclose their problems with the author.
7. Discuss the following questions and write the answers in your notebook.


(a) Appearances are deceptive. Discuss with reference to the two boys.

Ans: The two boys, Nicola and Jacopo, were dressed in shabby, worn-out clothes. One of them was wearing a worn out Jersey and cut-off khaki pants, and the other was wearing a shortened army tunic. They had brown skin, tangled hair and dark eyes. The first impression, if one sees them, would be negative. The author and his driver had the same impression too. It’s only when they got to know these two boys later that they could see the warmth in their hearts, the sense of responsibility, the undaunted spirit, the honesty and the simplicity in them. Good appearance doesn’t make a gentleman. One needs to possess the ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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“The Tale of Custard the Dragon” by Ogden Nash

The Tale of Custard the Dragon                    by Ogden Nash

 

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions: Marks : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) The poem, “The Tale of Custard the Dragon” is written by

(i) Ogden Nash

(ii) Robin Klein

(iii) John Berryman.

Ans:    (i) Ogden Nash.

(b) Belinda lived in a

(i) cottage       (ii) palace       (iii) little white house

Ans:    (iii) little white house.

(c) The name of the little black kitten is

(i) Blink                      (ii) Ink            (iii) Mustard

Ans:    (ii) Ink.

(d) Belinda called the dragon as

(i) Custard      (ii) Mustard    (iii) Blink

Ans:    (i) Custard.

(e) The dragon’s mouth was like a

(i) chimney     (ii) mantelpiece                     (iii) fireplace

Ans:    (iii) fireplace.

(f) They all heard a …… sound.

(i) sweet         (ii) nasty         (iii) buzzing

Ans:    (ii) nasty.

(g) The pirate was equipped with

(i) pistol in his left hand                    (ii) pistol in his right hand    (iii) pistols in both hands.

Ans:    (iii) pistols in both hands.

 

  1. Say true or false:

(a) Belinda had a little black kitten named Blink.              Ans:    False.

(b) Belinda had a pet dragon named Custard.                   Ans:    True.

(c) Belinda had a pet tiger named Mustard.                      Ans:    False.

(d) The dragon had big sharp teeth.                                    Ans:    True.

(e) The dragon’s mouth was like a fireplace.

(f) Percival was the other name given to the dragon.                    Ans:    True.

(g) A thief had entered Belinda’s little white house.                      Ans:    False.

(h) Custard finished off the pirate by gobbling.                  Ans:    True.

(i) Custard had been compared to a robin.             Ans:    True.

(j) Custard agreed that he alone was brave.                       Ans:    False.

 

  1. Name the poet of the poem, “The Tale of Custard the Dragon”.

Ans:    The poet of the poem, “The Tale of Custard the Dragon” is Ogden Nash.

  1. Where did Belinda live?

Ans:    Belinda lived in a little white house.

  1. What was the name of the little black kitten?

Ans:    The name of the little black kitten was Ink.

  1. What was the name of the little grey mouse?

Ans:    The name of the little grey mouse was Blink.

  1. What was the name of the little yellow dog?

Ans:    The name of the little yellow dog was Mustard.

  1. What did Belinda call the little pet dragon?

Ans:    Belinda called the little pet dragon Custard.

  1. Name the pets of Belinda.

Ans:    The pets of Belinda are Ink, Blink, Mustard and Custard.

  1. Who possessed the big sharp teeth?

Ans:    The dragon called Custard possessed the big sharp teeth.

  1. How did the dragon’s mouth look like?

Ans:    The dragon’s mouth looked like a fireplace.

  1. What did the dragon have on his toes?

Ans:    The dragon had daggers on his toes.

  1. With what, did the poet compare Belinda’s braveness?

Ans:    The poet compared Belinda’s braveness with a barrel full of bears.

  1. Who chased lions down the stairs?

Ans:    Ink and Blink chased lions down the stairs.

  1. Whom did Belinda tickle?

Ans:    Belinda tickled Custard, the dragon.

  1. Whom did Ink, Blink and Mustard call Percival?

Ans:    Ink, Blink and Mustard called Custard Percival.

  1. The dragon was called Percival. Who called it Percival?

Ans:    Ink, Blink and Mustard called the dragon Percival.

  1. Who, according to all pets and Belinda, was coward?

Ans:    According to all the pets and Belinda, Custard was coward.

  1. What happened when Belinda laughed?

Ans:    The house shook when Belinda laughed.

  1. What sound was heard by all of them?

Ans:    All of them heard a nasty sound.

  1. How did Ink react when it heard a nasty sound?

Ans:    Ink cried “meowch!” when it heard a nasty sound.

  1. Who entered Belinda’s little white house?

Ans:    A pirate entered Belinda’s little white house.

  1. What did the pirate carry in both his hands?

Ans:    The pirate carried pistols in both his hands.

  1. How was the pirate’s beard?

Ans:    The pirate had black bushy beard.

  1. With what, was the pirate’s one leg made of?

Ans:    The pirate’s one leg was made of wood.

  1. Why did Belinda cry for help?

Ans:    Belinda cried for help because a pirate had entered her house.

  1. How did Custard look like when he clashed with the pirate?

Ans:    Custard looked like a robin at a worm when he clashed with the pirate

  1. How many bullets did the pirate fire?

Ans:    The pirate fired two bullets.

  1. Who ate the pirate?

Ans:    Custard ate the pirate.

  1. Who amongst the pets was judged as brave?

Ans:    Amongst the pets, Custard was judged as brave.

  1. What is the rhyme scheme of the poem?

Ans:    The rhyme scheme of the poem is – aabb.

  1. Give rhyming words of the following :

house, wagon, Ink, teeth, nose, bears, rage, age, sound, right, wood, dragon, hit, gyrate

Ans:    house – mouse, wagon – dragon, Ink – Blink, teeth – underneath, nose – toes, bears – stairs, rage – cage, age – cage, sound – around, right – bright, wood – good, dragon – flagon, hit – bit, gyrate – pirate.

 

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

  1. Where did Belinda live? Name the pets possessed by her.

Ans:    Belinda lived in a little white house. The pets possessed by Belinda are Ink, Blink, Mustard and Custard.

  1. Who was Ink? Who was Blink?

Ans:    The name of the little black kitten was Ink. The name of the little grey mouse was Blink.

  1. Who was Mustard? Who was Custard?

Ans:    The name of the little yellow dog was Mustard. The name of the dragon was Custard.

  1. Briefly describe the physical features of the dragon.

Ans:    Custard the dragon looked terrifying. It had big sharp teeth and claws like daggers. Its mouth was like a fireplace and nose was like a chimney. It had scales underneath.

  1. Why did the dragon cry for a nice safe cage?

Ans:    The dragon cried for a nice safe cage because it was a cowardly dragon.

  1. Why is the dragon called ‘cowardly dragon’?

Ans:    The dragon is called a ‘cowardly dragon’ because it used to cry for a nice safe cage.

  1. “Belinda tickled him, she tickled him unmerciful ……” Why?

Ans:    Belinda and her pets used to laugh at the dragon for its cowardice. She tickled him to taunt and make fun of him.

  1. How did all the pets and Belinda react when they heard a nasty sound?

Ans:    When Belinda and her pets heard a nasty sound, Mustard growled, and all of them looked around. Ink cried “meowch!” and Belinda cried “ooh”.

  1. Describe briefly the pirate.

Ans:    The pirate had black bushy beard and a wooden leg. He held pistols in his hands and a sharp cutlass in his teeth. It was clear from his activities that he meant no good.

  1. How did Custard face the pirate?

Ans:    Custard faced the pirate boldly. He jumped up, snorted like an engine and clashed his tails like irons in a dungeon. Then, making a clattering and clanking sound and squirming, he attacked the pirate like a robin at a worm. He gobbled the pirate in the end.

  1. How did Custard prove that he was a brave dragon?

Ans:    When all the others including Belinda were terrified to see the pirate, Custard jumped up, snorted, clashed his tail and attacked the pirate and gobbled him. In this way, he proved that he was a brave dragon.

  1. Why did Ink and Blink gyrate in glee?

Ans:    Ink and Blink gyrated in glee because the pirate that had entered Belinda’s house with pistols and a cutlass was attacked and gobbled by Custard the dragon.

  1. How did Belinda and her pets behave when the pirate had been killed by Custard?

Ans:    When the pirate had been killed by Custard, Belinda embraced him, Mustard licked him and Ink and Blink gyrated around him.

  1. How did all boast of their false bravery?

Ans:    After the pirate had been killed, Mustard boasted that he would have been twice as brave if he had not been confused. Ink and Blink said that they would have been thrice as brave.

  1. Who amongst them was actually brave? How did he show his bravery?

Ans:    …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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“Amanda” by Robin Klein

Amanda!

 

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions :           Mark : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) The poem “Amanda” was written by

(i) John Berryman

(ii) Carolyn Wells

(iii) Robin Klein

Ans:    (iii) Robin Klein

 

(b) Amanda likes her

(i) nails                       (ii) hairs                      (iii) her doll

Ans:    (ii) hairs

(c) The sole inhabitant in the emerald sea is

(i) a shark       (ii) a mermaid           (iii) an octopus

Ans:    (ii) a mermaid

(d) The speaker told her to clean her

(i) palms         (ii) socks         (iii) shoes

Ans:    (iii) shoes

(e) Amanda likes to have

(i) chocolates (ii) snacks       (iii) soft drinks

Ans:    (i) chocolates

(f) Life in a tower is

(i) like the hell                       (ii) tranquil and rare             (iii) tranquil

Ans:    (ii) tranquil and rare

 

  1. Choose the correct meaning of the italicized words from the alternatives given in brackets.

(a) …… ‘hunch’ your shoulders ……

[raise / cut / nag]

Ans:    raise.

(b) ………… is a ‘languid’ emerald ……….

[tensed / relaxed / turmoil]

Ans:    relaxed.

(c) ……….my ‘hushed’, bare ……….

[noisy / compassion / silent]

Ans:    silent.

(d) ………. tower is ‘tranquil’ and …..

[calm / commotion / clamour]

Ans:    calm.

 

  1. True or false

(a) Amanda is a boy.             Ans:    False.

(b) Amanda likes to bite her fingers.           Ans:    False.

(c) The sole inhabitant in the emerald sea is an octopus.             Ans:    False.

(d) The speaker has asked Amanda to make her room orderly and tidy.                       Ans:    True

(e) Amanda likes to have chocolates.                      Ans:    True.

(f) Amanda thinks herself as Rapunzel.                 Ans:    True.

(g) Amanda is asked to take a bath.                        Ans:    False.

 

  1. Who wrote the poem, “Amanda”?

Ans:    Robin Klein wrote the poem Amanda.

  1. Who is Amanda?

Ans:    Amanda is a teenaged girl.

  1. What does Amanda like to bite?

Ans:    Amanda likes to bite her nails.

  1. Who lives in a languid, emerald sea?

Ans:    A mermaid lives in a languid, emerald sea.

  1. What about her homework is asked by the speaker?

Ans:    The speaker asks her whether her homework was finished or not.

  1. What does the speaker ask Amanda to clean?

Ans:    The speaker asks Amanda to clean her shoes.

  1. What was Amanda asked to remember?

Ans:    Amanda was asked to remember her acne.

  1. How is life in a tower?

Ans:    Life in a tower is tranquil and rare.

  1. What type of girl is Amanda as mentioned in the final stanza?

Ans:    Amanda is a moody type of girl as mentioned in the final stanza.

  1. Give the meaning of the following words –

hunch, slouching, drifting, roaming, hushed, tranquil, nagged

Ans:    hunch – to raise, slouching – bending, drifting – moving slowly, roaming – wandering / purposelessly moving about, hushed – silent, tranquil – relaxed / calm, nagged – disturbed.

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

  1. Who is Amanda? How old is she?

Ans:    Amanda was a young school-going girl. She was in her teen age.

  1. What is a mermaid?

Ans:    A mermaid is an imaginary creature having the body of half a woman and half a fish, which lives in the oceans.

  1. What could Amanda do if she were a mermaid?

Ans:    Amanda could drift blissfully in a calm, emerald sea if she were a mermaid.

  1. What does Amanda imagine doing as an orphan?

Ans:    Amanda imagines roaming around the streets as an orphan, patterning soft dust with her silent, bare feet.

  1. Is Amanda an orphan? Why does she say so?

Ans:    No, Amanda isn’t an orphan. She says so because she imagines herself as an orphan and wants to lead a carefree life just like orphans do.

  1. Why is Amanda asked not to have chocolates?

Ans:    Amanda is asked not to have chocolates because of her acne.

  1. Why does Amanda wish to be Rapunzel?

Ans:    Amanda wishes to lead a tranquil and rare life in a tower like Rapunzel did. Besides, she has excessive like for her bright hair like Rapunzel. So she wishes to be Rapunzel.

  1. Do you think Amanda is sulking and is moody?

Ans:    Yes, I think.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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