Prostuti 2015 Question Bank for Class 10, SEBA Assam

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“The Tale of Custard the Dragon” by Ogden Nash

The Tale of Custard the Dragon                    by Ogden Nash

 

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions: Marks : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) The poem, “The Tale of Custard the Dragon” is written by

(i) Ogden Nash

(ii) Robin Klein

(iii) John Berryman.

Ans:    (i) Ogden Nash.

(b) Belinda lived in a

(i) cottage       (ii) palace       (iii) little white house

Ans:    (iii) little white house.

(c) The name of the little black kitten is

(i) Blink                      (ii) Ink            (iii) Mustard

Ans:    (ii) Ink.

(d) Belinda called the dragon as

(i) Custard      (ii) Mustard    (iii) Blink

Ans:    (i) Custard.

(e) The dragon’s mouth was like a

(i) chimney     (ii) mantelpiece                     (iii) fireplace

Ans:    (iii) fireplace.

(f) They all heard a …… sound.

(i) sweet         (ii) nasty         (iii) buzzing

Ans:    (ii) nasty.

(g) The pirate was equipped with

(i) pistol in his left hand                    (ii) pistol in his right hand    (iii) pistols in both hands.

Ans:    (iii) pistols in both hands.

 

  1. Say true or false:

(a) Belinda had a little black kitten named Blink.              Ans:    False.

(b) Belinda had a pet dragon named Custard.                   Ans:    True.

(c) Belinda had a pet tiger named Mustard.                      Ans:    False.

(d) The dragon had big sharp teeth.                                    Ans:    True.

(e) The dragon’s mouth was like a fireplace.

(f) Percival was the other name given to the dragon.                    Ans:    True.

(g) A thief had entered Belinda’s little white house.                      Ans:    False.

(h) Custard finished off the pirate by gobbling.                  Ans:    True.

(i) Custard had been compared to a robin.             Ans:    True.

(j) Custard agreed that he alone was brave.                       Ans:    False.

 

  1. Name the poet of the poem, “The Tale of Custard the Dragon”.

Ans:    The poet of the poem, “The Tale of Custard the Dragon” is Ogden Nash.

  1. Where did Belinda live?

Ans:    Belinda lived in a little white house.

  1. What was the name of the little black kitten?

Ans:    The name of the little black kitten was Ink.

  1. What was the name of the little grey mouse?

Ans:    The name of the little grey mouse was Blink.

  1. What was the name of the little yellow dog?

Ans:    The name of the little yellow dog was Mustard.

  1. What did Belinda call the little pet dragon?

Ans:    Belinda called the little pet dragon Custard.

  1. Name the pets of Belinda.

Ans:    The pets of Belinda are Ink, Blink, Mustard and Custard.

  1. Who possessed the big sharp teeth?

Ans:    The dragon called Custard possessed the big sharp teeth.

  1. How did the dragon’s mouth look like?

Ans:    The dragon’s mouth looked like a fireplace.

  1. What did the dragon have on his toes?

Ans:    The dragon had daggers on his toes.

  1. With what, did the poet compare Belinda’s braveness?

Ans:    The poet compared Belinda’s braveness with a barrel full of bears.

  1. Who chased lions down the stairs?

Ans:    Ink and Blink chased lions down the stairs.

  1. Whom did Belinda tickle?

Ans:    Belinda tickled Custard, the dragon.

  1. Whom did Ink, Blink and Mustard call Percival?

Ans:    Ink, Blink and Mustard called Custard Percival.

  1. The dragon was called Percival. Who called it Percival?

Ans:    Ink, Blink and Mustard called the dragon Percival.

  1. Who, according to all pets and Belinda, was coward?

Ans:    According to all the pets and Belinda, Custard was coward.

  1. What happened when Belinda laughed?

Ans:    The house shook when Belinda laughed.

  1. What sound was heard by all of them?

Ans:    All of them heard a nasty sound.

  1. How did Ink react when it heard a nasty sound?

Ans:    Ink cried “meowch!” when it heard a nasty sound.

  1. Who entered Belinda’s little white house?

Ans:    A pirate entered Belinda’s little white house.

  1. What did the pirate carry in both his hands?

Ans:    The pirate carried pistols in both his hands.

  1. How was the pirate’s beard?

Ans:    The pirate had black bushy beard.

  1. With what, was the pirate’s one leg made of?

Ans:    The pirate’s one leg was made of wood.

  1. Why did Belinda cry for help?

Ans:    Belinda cried for help because a pirate had entered her house.

  1. How did Custard look like when he clashed with the pirate?

Ans:    Custard looked like a robin at a worm when he clashed with the pirate

  1. How many bullets did the pirate fire?

Ans:    The pirate fired two bullets.

  1. Who ate the pirate?

Ans:    Custard ate the pirate.

  1. Who amongst the pets was judged as brave?

Ans:    Amongst the pets, Custard was judged as brave.

  1. What is the rhyme scheme of the poem?

Ans:    The rhyme scheme of the poem is – aabb.

  1. Give rhyming words of the following :

house, wagon, Ink, teeth, nose, bears, rage, age, sound, right, wood, dragon, hit, gyrate

Ans:    house – mouse, wagon – dragon, Ink – Blink, teeth – underneath, nose – toes, bears – stairs, rage – cage, age – cage, sound – around, right – bright, wood – good, dragon – flagon, hit – bit, gyrate – pirate.

 

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

  1. Where did Belinda live? Name the pets possessed by her.

Ans:    Belinda lived in a little white house. The pets possessed by Belinda are Ink, Blink, Mustard and Custard.

  1. Who was Ink? Who was Blink?

Ans:    The name of the little black kitten was Ink. The name of the little grey mouse was Blink.

  1. Who was Mustard? Who was Custard?

Ans:    The name of the little yellow dog was Mustard. The name of the dragon was Custard.

  1. Briefly describe the physical features of the dragon.

Ans:    Custard the dragon looked terrifying. It had big sharp teeth and claws like daggers. Its mouth was like a fireplace and nose was like a chimney. It had scales underneath.

  1. Why did the dragon cry for a nice safe cage?

Ans:    The dragon cried for a nice safe cage because it was a cowardly dragon.

  1. Why is the dragon called ‘cowardly dragon’?

Ans:    The dragon is called a ‘cowardly dragon’ because it used to cry for a nice safe cage.

  1. “Belinda tickled him, she tickled him unmerciful ……” Why?

Ans:    Belinda and her pets used to laugh at the dragon for its cowardice. She tickled him to taunt and make fun of him.

  1. How did all the pets and Belinda react when they heard a nasty sound?

Ans:    When Belinda and her pets heard a nasty sound, Mustard growled, and all of them looked around. Ink cried “meowch!” and Belinda cried “ooh”.

  1. Describe briefly the pirate.

Ans:    The pirate had black bushy beard and a wooden leg. He held pistols in his hands and a sharp cutlass in his teeth. It was clear from his activities that he meant no good.

  1. How did Custard face the pirate?

Ans:    Custard faced the pirate boldly. He jumped up, snorted like an engine and clashed his tails like irons in a dungeon. Then, making a clattering and clanking sound and squirming, he attacked the pirate like a robin at a worm. He gobbled the pirate in the end.

  1. How did Custard prove that he was a brave dragon?

Ans:    When all the others including Belinda were terrified to see the pirate, Custard jumped up, snorted, clashed his tail and attacked the pirate and gobbled him. In this way, he proved that he was a brave dragon.

  1. Why did Ink and Blink gyrate in glee?

Ans:    Ink and Blink gyrated in glee because the pirate that had entered Belinda’s house with pistols and a cutlass was attacked and gobbled by Custard the dragon.

  1. How did Belinda and her pets behave when the pirate had been killed by Custard?

Ans:    When the pirate had been killed by Custard, Belinda embraced him, Mustard licked him and Ink and Blink gyrated around him.

  1. How did all boast of their false bravery?

Ans:    After the pirate had been killed, Mustard boasted that he would have been twice as brave if he had not been confused. Ink and Blink said that they would have been thrice as brave.

  1. Who amongst them was actually brave? How did he show his bravery?

Ans:    …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

 

“Fog” by Carl Sandburg

Fog  by Carl Sandburg

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions : Mark : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) The poem “Fog” was written by

(i) Robert Frost

(ii) Carl Sandburg

(iii) Walt Whitman.

Ans:    (ii) Carl Sandburg.

(b) The fog is compared to

(i) cat

(ii) dog

(iii) man.

Ans:    (i) cat

  1. Who wrote the poem, “Fog”?

Ans:    Carl Sandburg wrote the poem, “Fog”.

  1. How does the fog come?

Ans:    The fog comes silently as if on little cat feet.

  1. What does the poet think the fog is like?

Ans:    The poet thinks the fog is like a cat.

  1. Does the poet actually say the fog is like a cat?

Ans:    No. The poet actually uses metaphor to show resemblance between the coming of a cat and the fog.

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

  1. How does the poet describe the fog as if it were a living being?

Ans:    The poet says that the fog comes ‘on little cat feet’. He also says that the fog ‘sits looking over harbour and city and then moves on’. To show resemblance between the fog and a cat, the poet uses such metaphorical language that the fog is described as if it were a living being.

  1. Name the three things that tell us that the fog is like a cat.

Ans:    The three things that tell us that the fog is like a cat are – (i) the fog is said to come on ‘little cat feet’, (ii) it ‘sits looking’, and (iii) It ‘moves on’.

  1. How is the fog like a cat? What poetic device is used by the poet here?

Ans:    The fog comes silently just like a cat does. It ‘sits’ i.e. stays looking over the harbour and the city and then ‘moves on’ like a cat.

The poetic device used by the poet here is …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

 

“Animals” by Walt Whitman

Animals by Walt Whitman

 

 

 

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions : Mark : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) The poem “Animals” is composed by

(i) Robert Frost

(ii) Walt Whitman

(iii) W.B. Yeats.

Ans:    (ii) Walt Whitman

(b) The poet wishes to live

(i) in a village (ii) in a jungle (iii) with animals

Ans:    (iii) with animals

(c) Animals, according to the poet, are

(i) placid and self-contained (ii) brutal        (iii) placid only.

Ans:    (i) placid and self-contained

(d) The animals do not weep over their

(i) sins (ii) ancestors  (iii) failures.

Ans:    (i) sins

(e) In the world of animals, no one is

(i) honest        (ii) respectable or unhappy   (iii) materialistic

Ans:    (ii) respectable or unhappy

 

  1. Choose the correct meaning of the italicized words from the alternatives given in brackets.

(a) ………. so ‘placid’ and self contained ……….

[calm / pleased / angry ]

Ans:    calm.

(b) ………. sweat and ‘whine’ about ……….

[roar / a long, high complaining cry / utter softly ]

Ans:    a long, high complaining cry.

(c) ………. one is ‘demented’ with ……….

[sane / calm / mad]

Ans:    mad.

(d) ………. ‘evince’ them plainly ……….

[show / express / presents]

Ans:    show.

 

  1. True or false

(a) Walt Whitman composed the poem “Animals”.           Ans:    True.

(b) This poem is taken from ‘Song of Myself’ in leaves of grass.              Ans:    True.

(c) Animals are the creatures that create havoc.               Ans:    False.

(d) Animals are not placid.               Ans:    False.

(e) Animals do not weep for their sins.                   Ans:    True.

(f) According to the poet, no one amongst the animals are mad for owning things.      Ans:    True.

 

  1. Who wrote the poem, “Animals”?

Ans:    Walt Whitman wrote the poem “Animals”.

  1. Name the book from where this poem has been taken.

Ans:    This poem has been taken from Walt Whitman’s collection of poems, “Leaves of Grass”.

  1. What was the wish of the poet?

Ans:    The wish of the poet was to turn into an animal and live with them.

  1. What are the qualities possessed by the animals?

Ans:    The animals possess the qualities of placidity, self-dependence, complacence and simplicity.

  1. What, according to the poet, do the animals not do regarding their condition?

Ans:    The animals, according to the poet, neither sweat and whine about their condition nor lie awake at night and weep for their sins.

  1. What do the animals not do for their sins?

Ans:    The animals do not lie awake at night and weep for their sins.

  1. Are they dissatisfied?

Ans:    No, they aren’t.

  1. With what are the animals not demented?

Ans:    The animals are not demented with the mania of owning things.

  1. What do the animals bring to the poet?

Ans:    The animals bring tokens of mutual love and understanding to the poet.

  1. Why does the poet wonder?

Ans:    The poet wonders where the animals got the tokens they bring to him.

  1. Give the meaning of the following words:

placid, self-contained, weep, demented, kneels, evince

Ans:    placid – calm, self-contained – independent / self-dependent, weep – to express deep sorrow by shedding tears, demented – mad, kneels – to fall or rest on the knees, evince – show.

 

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

  1. Why does Walt Whitman feel more at home with animals?

Ans:    Animals are placid and self-contained. They worry neither about their condition nor about their sins. They are not dissatisfied, respectable, unhappy or demented with the mania of owning things. They show their relations with the poet. So the poet Walt Whitman feels more at home with them.

  1. What quality of the animals mesmerizes the poet?

Ans:    The poet is mesmerised with the animals’ qualities such as placidity, self-dependence, complacence and simplicity.

  1. How do the animals act about their condition and duty to God?

Ans:    The animals never sweat and whine about their condition. They do not make others sick discussing their duty to God.

  1. How are animals superior to human beings?

Ans:    The animals are placid, self-sufficient, complacent and simple. Unlike humans, they do not worry about their condition and sins, nor do they make others sick discussing their duty to God. They are not demented with the mania of owning things. So they are superior to human beings.

  1. What are the ‘tokens’ that the poet says he may have dropped long ago, and which the animals have kept for him?

Ans:    The ‘tokens’ are of mutual love and understanding that the ancestors of the poet used to share with the animals thousands of years ago. The poet says that they dropped them and the animals kept them.

  1. Mention three things that humans do and animals don’t.

Ans:    Humans sweat and whine about their condition; but animals don’t. Humans lie awake at night and weep for their sins; but animals don’t. Humans make each other sick discussing their duty to God, but animals don’t.

  1. “I think I could turn and live with animals,

They are so placid and self-contain’d.

I stand and look at them long and long.”

(a) Name the poet and the poem.

Ans:    The name of the poet is Walt Whitman and the poem is “Animals”.

(b) What quality of the animals impressed the poet?

Ans:    The qualities of placidity, self-dependence, complacence and simplicity of the animals impressed the poet.

  1. “They do not sweat and whine about their condition

They do not lie awake in the dark and weep for their sins.

They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God”

(a) Who is the ‘they’ referred to here?

Ans:    The ‘they’ referred to here are the animals.

(b) Name the things ‘they’ do not do.

Ans:    ‘They’ do not worry about their condition or sins. ‘They’ do not make …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

 

“Amanda” by Robin Klein

Amanda!

 

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions :           Mark : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) The poem “Amanda” was written by

(i) John Berryman

(ii) Carolyn Wells

(iii) Robin Klein

Ans:    (iii) Robin Klein

 

(b) Amanda likes her

(i) nails                       (ii) hairs                      (iii) her doll

Ans:    (ii) hairs

(c) The sole inhabitant in the emerald sea is

(i) a shark       (ii) a mermaid           (iii) an octopus

Ans:    (ii) a mermaid

(d) The speaker told her to clean her

(i) palms         (ii) socks         (iii) shoes

Ans:    (iii) shoes

(e) Amanda likes to have

(i) chocolates (ii) snacks       (iii) soft drinks

Ans:    (i) chocolates

(f) Life in a tower is

(i) like the hell                       (ii) tranquil and rare             (iii) tranquil

Ans:    (ii) tranquil and rare

 

  1. Choose the correct meaning of the italicized words from the alternatives given in brackets.

(a) …… ‘hunch’ your shoulders ……

[raise / cut / nag]

Ans:    raise.

(b) ………… is a ‘languid’ emerald ……….

[tensed / relaxed / turmoil]

Ans:    relaxed.

(c) ……….my ‘hushed’, bare ……….

[noisy / compassion / silent]

Ans:    silent.

(d) ………. tower is ‘tranquil’ and …..

[calm / commotion / clamour]

Ans:    calm.

 

  1. True or false

(a) Amanda is a boy.             Ans:    False.

(b) Amanda likes to bite her fingers.           Ans:    False.

(c) The sole inhabitant in the emerald sea is an octopus.             Ans:    False.

(d) The speaker has asked Amanda to make her room orderly and tidy.                       Ans:    True

(e) Amanda likes to have chocolates.                      Ans:    True.

(f) Amanda thinks herself as Rapunzel.                 Ans:    True.

(g) Amanda is asked to take a bath.                        Ans:    False.

 

  1. Who wrote the poem, “Amanda”?

Ans:    Robin Klein wrote the poem Amanda.

  1. Who is Amanda?

Ans:    Amanda is a teenaged girl.

  1. What does Amanda like to bite?

Ans:    Amanda likes to bite her nails.

  1. Who lives in a languid, emerald sea?

Ans:    A mermaid lives in a languid, emerald sea.

  1. What about her homework is asked by the speaker?

Ans:    The speaker asks her whether her homework was finished or not.

  1. What does the speaker ask Amanda to clean?

Ans:    The speaker asks Amanda to clean her shoes.

  1. What was Amanda asked to remember?

Ans:    Amanda was asked to remember her acne.

  1. How is life in a tower?

Ans:    Life in a tower is tranquil and rare.

  1. What type of girl is Amanda as mentioned in the final stanza?

Ans:    Amanda is a moody type of girl as mentioned in the final stanza.

  1. Give the meaning of the following words –

hunch, slouching, drifting, roaming, hushed, tranquil, nagged

Ans:    hunch – to raise, slouching – bending, drifting – moving slowly, roaming – wandering / purposelessly moving about, hushed – silent, tranquil – relaxed / calm, nagged – disturbed.

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

  1. Who is Amanda? How old is she?

Ans:    Amanda was a young school-going girl. She was in her teen age.

  1. What is a mermaid?

Ans:    A mermaid is an imaginary creature having the body of half a woman and half a fish, which lives in the oceans.

  1. What could Amanda do if she were a mermaid?

Ans:    Amanda could drift blissfully in a calm, emerald sea if she were a mermaid.

  1. What does Amanda imagine doing as an orphan?

Ans:    Amanda imagines roaming around the streets as an orphan, patterning soft dust with her silent, bare feet.

  1. Is Amanda an orphan? Why does she say so?

Ans:    No, Amanda isn’t an orphan. She says so because she imagines herself as an orphan and wants to lead a carefree life just like orphans do.

  1. Why is Amanda asked not to have chocolates?

Ans:    Amanda is asked not to have chocolates because of her acne.

  1. Why does Amanda wish to be Rapunzel?

Ans:    Amanda wishes to lead a tranquil and rare life in a tower like Rapunzel did. Besides, she has excessive like for her bright hair like Rapunzel. So she wishes to be Rapunzel.

  1. Do you think Amanda is sulking and is moody?

Ans:    Yes, I think.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

 

“A Tiger in the Zoo” by Leslie Norris

A TIGER IN THE ZOO      by Leslie Norris

 

 

Probable Questions and Answers

 

  1. Very Short Type Questions : Mark : 1

 

  1. Choose the correct alternative :

 

(a) The poem, “A Tiger in the Zoo” was written by

(i) Leslie Norris         (ii) William Blake      (iii) Peter Niblett

Ans:    (i) Leslie Norris

(b) The captured tiger is stalking in –

(i) the zoo       (ii) the cage    (iii) the house

Ans:    (ii) the cage

(c) The tiger should be lurking in the grass

(i) for his prey            (ii) for taking rest      (iii) for leisure

Ans:    (i) for his prey

(d) The tiger snarls around

(i) the jungle  (ii) the cage    (iii) the houses in the village

Ans:    (iii) the houses in the village

(e) The strength of the tiger after being captured is now

(i) in his paws (ii) in his room           (iii) at night

Ans:    (ii) in his room

(f) The tiger hears the last voice

(i) at noon      (ii) in the morning     (iii) at night

Ans:    (iii) at night

 

  1. Choose the correct meaning of the italicized words from the alternatives given in brackets

(a)       He ‘stalks’ in his ………

(to crawl / to walk / lying)

Ans:    to crawl.

(b)       …………….. be ‘snarling’ around houses.

(walking / an angry sound / sniffing)

Ans:    an angry sound.

 

  1. True or false :

(a) Leslie Norris wrote the poem, ‘A Tiger in the Zoo’.                  Ans:    True.

(b) The tiger after being captured was released again.                 Ans:    False.

(c) The tiger stalks in the jungle.                 Ans:    False.

(d) The tiger lurks in the grass to escape from the sight of the hunters.             Ans:    False.

(e) The strength of the tiger after being captured lies behind bars.                     Ans:    True.

(f) The tiger hears the last voice at noon.               Ans:    False.

 

  1. Who wrote the poem, “A Tiger in the Zoo”?

Ans:    Leslie Norris wrote the poem “A Tiger in the Zoo”.

  1. Where does the tiger stalk after being captured?

Ans:    The tiger stalks the few steps of his cage after being captured.

  1. What is the emotion shown by the tiger?

Ans:    The tiger shows the emotions of apathy and quiet rage.

  1. Where should the tiger be lurking?

Ans:    The tiger should be lurking in the shadow of long grass in the jungle.

  1. What animal is ‘he’ going to prey?

Ans:    The tiger is going to prey deer.

  1. Where can the tiger see for food?

Ans:    The tiger can see for food near the water holes where plump deer pass.

  1. Where should ‘he’ be snarling?

Ans:    The tiger should be snarling around houses at the jungle’s edge.

  1. Who is terrorized by the tiger?

Ans:    The villagers living at the jungle’s edge are terrorised by the tiger.

  1. Where does ‘his’ strength lie after being locked in a concrete cell?

Ans:    The strength of the tiger lies behind bars after being locked in a concrete cell.

  1. When does ‘he’ hear the last voice?

Ans:    The tiger hears the last voice at night.

  1. What is the ‘last voice’ heard by the tiger?

Ans:    The ‘last voice’ heard by the tiger is the noise of patrolling cars.

  1. Where does ‘he’ stare with his eyes?

Ans:    The tiger stares at the brilliant stars in the night sky with his eyes.

  1. Give the rhyming words of the following words – cage, grass, edge, cars

Ans:    cage-village, grass-pass, edge-village, cars-stars.

 

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3

 

 

  1. Where does the tiger stalk? How is his behaviour?

Ans:    The tiger stalks the few steps of his cage.

The tiger ignores visitors while hiding his rage quietly. He shows disinterestedness and silent rage.

  1. Why does the tiger express his rage quietly?

Ans:    The tiger expresses his rage quietly because there is nothing he can do from behind the bars of his cage. His strength now lies inside his cage. He is no longer free as he was in the jungle.

  1. What does the poet think where the tiger should be?

Ans:    The poet thinks that the tiger should be in the jungle, lurking in the shadow of long grass to prey deer near the water holes. He should also be on the outskirts of the jungle snarling around houses and terrifying villagers.

  1. Cite the reason of the tiger’s sliding through long grass.

Ans:    The reason behind the tiger’s sliding through long grass is to catch plump deer that generally pass near the water holes.

  1. How does the tiger make his presence being felt in the village?

Ans:    The tiger makes his presence being felt by snarling around houses at the jungle’s edge and by baring his white fangs and claws.

  1. Why is the tiger ignoring the visitors?

Ans:    The tiger is ignoring visitors because he is locked in a concrete cell. His strength lies behind the bars of his cage. He is helpless now. He can do nothing to the visitors.

  1. Who hears the last voice and of what?

Ans:    The tiger hears the last voice. The ‘last voice’ is the noise made by the patrolling cars.

  1. What is common between the eyes of the tiger and the stars?

Ans:    The common thing between the eyes of …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

Model Questions and Answers on Glimpses of India : COORG

GLIMPSES OF INDIA

(A) COORG

Probable Questions

  1. Very Short Type Questions : Mark : 1
  1. Choose the correct alternative:

(a) ______ is a coffee country, famous for its rainforests and spices.

(i) Mysore           (ii) Coorg              (iii) Mangalore

Ans:       (ii) Coorg.

(b) Coorg is said to have evergreen rainforests, spices and

(i) tea plantations            (ii) rubber plantations    (iii) coffee plantations

Ans:       (iii) coffee plantations

(c) The people of Coorg look

(i) rigid                  (ii) independent                               (iii) very short

Ans:       (ii) independent.

(d) The traditional dress (apparel) of Coorgi people is known as

(i) Kuppia             (ii) Kuffia              (iii) Kullia

Ans:       (i) Kuppia.

(e) The large freshwater fish found in Coorg is

(i) river dolphin                 (ii) Mahaseer                     (iii) Rohu

Ans:       (ii) Mahaseer.

  1. Say true or false:

(a) Lokesh Abrol wrote the prose-piece “Coorg”.                              Ans:       True.

(b) Coorg is a home to evergreen rainforests, spices and coffee plantations.       Ans:       True.

(c) Tea and rubber grow in Coorg in plenty.          Ans:       False.

(d) The people of Coorg are possibly of French descent.                                Ans:       False.

(e) The first chief of the Indian Army, General Cariappa, was a Coorgi.    Ans:       True.

(f) One can have a man of view area of Coorg from the Brahmagiri hills.                 Ans:       True.

Coorg

  1. Who wrote the prose piece, “Coorg”?

Ans:       Lokesh Abrol wrote the prose piece, “Coorg”.

  1. Where is Coorg?

Ans:       Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and Mangalore in the state of Karnataka.

  1. What is Coorg home to?

Ans:       Coorg is home to evergreen rainforests, spices and coffee plantations.

  1. What is the other name of Coorg?

Ans:       The other name of Coorg is Kodagu.

  1. What covers thirty percent of Coorg district?

Ans:       Evergreen rainforests cover thirty per cent of Coorg district.

  1. Do the visitors have a good time in Coorg during the monsoons?

Ans:       No, they don’t have.

  1. Which crops grow in Coorg in plenty?

Ans:       Coffee plants grow in Coorg in plenty?

  1. What can be seen in Coorg most prominently?

Ans:       Coffee estates and colonial bungalows can be seen most prominently in Coorg.

  1. State the Coorgi people’s descent.

Ans:       The Coorgi people are possibly of Greek or Arab descent.

  1. What is Kuppia?

Ans:       Kuppia is the long, black coat with an embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus, i.e., the Coorgi people.

  1. What is Kuffia?

Ans:       Kuffia is the traditional attire of the Arabs and the Kurds.

  1. What was worn by the Arabs and the Kurds?

Ans:       Kuffia was worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.

  1. What is the place of the Coorg Regiment in the Indian Army?

And:      The Coorg Regiment has a high place in the Indian Army. It is one of the most decorated in the Indian Army. The first Chief of the Indian Army, General Cariappa, was a Coorgi.

  1. Name the Coorgi Army General of the Indian Army.

Ans:       General Cariappa.

  1. What status do the Kodavus enjoy in India?

Ans:       The Kodavus, i.e., the Coorgi people enjoy the privilege of carrying firearms without a license.

  1. Name the river of Coorg.

Ans:       The river of Coorg is Kaveri.

  1. Name the large freshwater fish available in the river in Coorg.

Ans:       The large freshwater fish available in the river in Coorg is Mahaseer.

  1. Name the birds and animals found in Coorg.

Ans:       The birds and animals found in Coorg are –kingfisher, Malabar squirrel, langur, elephant, macaque and slender loris.

  1. What is favourite for the trekkers in Coorg?

Ans:       The favourite adventures for the trekkers in Coorg are – river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking.

  1. From where can one have a view of a wide area of Coorg?

Ans:       One can have a view of a wide area of Coorg from the top of the Brahmagiri hills.

  1. Name the island in Coorg.

Ans:       The island in Coorg is Nisargadhama.

  1. Where is India’s largest Tibetan settlement?

Ans:       India’s largest Tibetan settlement is in the island of Nisargadhama in Coorg.

  1. Short Type Questions :               Marks : 2/3
  1. Describe Coorg in brief, as presented in the opening paragraph.

Ans:       Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and Mangalore and is described as a piece of heaven that must have drifted from the kingdom of god. It is also described as a land of rolling hills, martial men, beautiful women and wild creatures.

  1. Where is Coorg situated? What is so significant about it as a place deserving to be visited?

Ans:       Coorg is situated midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore in the state of Karnataka. It is a land of rolling hills, martial men, beautiful women and wild creatures. There are evergreen rainforests and sprawling coffee estates. It is also an ideal place for adventure sports. So, it deserves to be visited.

  1. Describe the Coorgi people and their descent.

Ans:       The Coorgi people are fiercely independent, brave and decorative. According to one theory, they are of Greek descent. It is said that they are the successors of a part of Alexander’s army who came to Southern India and settled there when return became impractical. According to another theory, they are of Arab descent. There is resemblance between Kuppia that the Coorgi people wear and Kuffia that the Arabs and Kurds wear.

  1. What is Kuppia and Kuffia?

Ans:       Kuppia is the long, black coat with an embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus, i.e., Coorgi people. Kuffia is traditionally worn by the Arabs and the Kurds.

  1. Explain in brief about the Coorgi people’s valour and bravery.

Ans:       The Coorgi people are fiercely independent and brave. They are always willing to recount the tales of valour related to their sons and fathers. They are the only people in India permitted to carry firearms without a license.

  1. How is the wildlife of Coorg?

Ans:       Coorg has a bountiful and varied wildlife. It has fish like the Mahaseer, birds like kingfisher and animals like Malabar squirrel, langur, macaque, slender loris and elephant. Besides, bees and butterflies are also to be seen there.

  1. What are the high energy adventures that are available in Coorg?

Ans:       The high energy adventures that are available in Coorg are river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking.

  1. Describe the animals that can be seen and are available in Coorg.

Ans:       In Coorg, squirrels and langurs drop partially eaten fruit for the mischief of enjoying the splash and the ripple effect in the clear water. Elephants enjoy being bathed and scrubbed in the river by their mahouts. Macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs and slender loris keep a watchful eye from the tree canopy.

  1. How can one have a panoramic view of Coorg?

Ans:       One can have a panoramic view of Coorg by climbing on to the top of the Brahmagiri hills.

  1. Describe the Tibetan settlement in Coorg.

Ans:       In the sixty-four-acre island of Nisargadhama in Coorg, there is a Tibetan settlement near Bylakuppe. The monks can be seen in red, ochre and yellow robes.

Model Questions and Answers on Long Walk to Freedom by Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom

  1. Very Short Type Questions : Mark : 1
  1. Choose the correct answer.

(a) The inauguration ceremony of Nelson Mandela becoming the President took place in

(i) the amphitheatre       (ii) Union Buildings          (iii) the lovely sandstone amphitheatre.

Ans:       (ii) Union Buildings.

(b) Mr. de Klerk was first sworn in as

(i) Prime Minister             (ii) First Deputy President            (iii) Second Deputy President

Ans:       (iii) Second Deputy President.

(c) Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as

(i) Prime Minister             (ii) First Deputy President            (iii) Second Deputy President

Ans:       (ii) First Deputy President

(d) The smoke trail of Impala jets symbolised

(i) Unity is strength         (ii) the victory of celebration       (iii) the new South African flag

Ans:       (iii) the new South African flag.

(e) Great men viz. Oliver Tambos, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis were produced as a result of

(i) oppression and hatred for the blacks (ii) the ‘effects’ of decades of oppression and brutality  (iii) freedom movement.

Ans:       (ii) the ‘effects’ of decades of oppression and brutality.

(f) The author was born with certain freedoms viz.

(i) running           (ii) roasting mealies         (iii) running in the fields, swimming, roasting mealies, riding the bulls etc.

Ans: (iii) running in the fields, swimming, roasting mealies, riding the bulls etc.

  1. Say true or false

(a) The ‘inauguration’ was for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government.

Ans:       True.

(b) Mr. de Klerk was first sworn in as second deputy president.

Ans:       True.

(c) The inauguration took place on 10th May, 1992.

Ans:       False.

(d) Nelson Mandela had a great respect for a host of great men of character like Oliver Tambos, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis and so on.

Ans:       True.

(e) Only one national anthem was sung on that historic day.

Ans:       False.

(f) In South Africa, during the whites’ supremacy, the blacks could fulfil the twin obligations.

Ans:       False.

(g) Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress when the freedom of everyone had been curtailed.

Ans:       True.

(h) Nelson Mandela could not enjoy his freedom because his family’s freedom had been curtailed.

Ans:       True.

  1. Choose the appropriate meaning of the italicised words from the choices given in brackets:

(a) ………. had been pleasantly ‘besieged’ by ……… (felt good/ to be surrounded closely by/ honoured)

Ans:       to be surrounded closely by.

(b) ………. our political ‘emanciption’ ………. (curtailment/freedom from restriction/bondage)

Ans:       freedom from restriction.

(c) ………. anthem they once ‘despised’, they ………. (hatred/ reluctant/ had a very low opinion of)

Ans:       had a very low opinion of.

(d) ………. from that ‘profound’ hurt ………. (mild/ superficial/ deep and strong)

Ans:       deep and strong.

(e) ………. the ‘transitory’ freedoms ………. (permanent/ lasting for a short time/ ever)

Ans:       lasting for a short time.

Mandela

  1. What is ‘apartheid’?

Ans:       ‘Apartheid’ is a political system that separates people according to their race.

  1. Who wrote the autobiography, “Long Walk to Freedom”?

Ans:       Nelson Mandela wrote the autobiography, “Long Walk to Freedom”.

  1. What is the full name of Mr. Mandela?

Ans:       The full name of Mr. Mandela is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.

  1. When was the democratic elections held in South Africa?

Ans:       The democratic elections was held in the year 1994 in South Africa.

  1. Who surrounded the author before the ‘inauguration’?

Ans:       International laders surrounded the author before the ‘inauguration’.

  1. Where did the ceremonies take place?

Ans:       The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre in the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

  1. What had been the seat of white supremacy for decades?

Ans:       The lovely sandstone amphitheatre in the Union Buildings in Pretoria had been the seat of white supremacy for decades

  1. Who were the leaders present there?

Ans:       The leaders present there are Mr Nelson Mandela, Mr de Klerk, Mr Thabo Mbeki and others.

  1. Why did the leaders gather in South Africa on 10th May, 1994?

Ans:       The leaders gathered in South Africa to pay their respects to Mr Nelson Mandela.

  1. Who accompanied the author on that lovely autumn day?

Ans:       Nelson Madela’s daughter Zenani accompanied him on that lovely autumn day

  1. Who was sworn in as the second deputy president?

Ans:       Mr de Klerk was sworn in as the second deputy president.

  1. Who was sworn in as first deputy president?

Ans:       Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president.

  1. What roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings?

Ans:       South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings.

  1. What could the highest generals have done to the author earlier?

Ans:       The highest generals could have arrested the author earlier.

  1. What were the colours emitted by a chevron of Impala jets?

Ans:       The colours emitted by a chevron of Impala jets are — black, red, green, blue and gold.

  1. What did the smoke trail of Impala jets symbolise?

Ans:       The smoke trail of Impala jets symbolised the South African flag.

  1. Name the two national anthems sung on that historic day?

Ans:       The two national anthems sung on that historic day were – Nkosi Sikelel i-Afrika and Die Stem.

  1. What happened in the first decade of the twentieth century?

Ans:       In the first decade of the twentieth century, the whites in South Africa erected a system of racial domination over the blacks, known as ‘apartheid’.

  1. Who formed the structure of one of the harshest and most inhumane societies?

Ans:       The policy of apartheid formed the structure of one of the harshest and most inhuman societies.

  1. How old was the author at the time of ‘inauguration’?

Ans:       The author was in his eighties at the time of the ‘inauguration’.

  1. What created a deep and lasting wound in South Africa?

Ans:       The policy of apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in South Africa.

  1. What qualities did the great man viz. Oliver Tambos, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis display?

Ans:       The great man viz. Oliver Tambos, Walter Sisulus, Chief Luthulis displayed the qualities of courage, wisdom and generosity.

  1. How many obligations does every man have according to the author?

Ans:       Every man has two obligations according to the author.

  1. Why could men not fulfil their twin obligations?

Ans:       In South Africa, if a coloured person tried to fulfil his obligations to his people, he is isolated and prevented from fulfilling his obligations to his family. So, men could not fulfil their twin obligations.

  1. Name the party joined by the author?

Ans:       The author joined the “African National Congress” party.

  1. What distinctions does Nelson Mandela attain after more than three centuries of white rule?

Ans:       Nelson Mandela attained the distinction of having freed his nation from the rule of the whites.

  1. How many seats were won by Nelson Mandela’s party in the first democratic elections of South Africa?

Ans:       Nelson Mandela’s party won 252 seats in the first democratic elections of South Africa.

  1. How many years did Nelson Mandela spend in prison?

Ans:       Nelson Mandela spent twenty seven years in prison.

  1. When did Nelson Mandela die?

Ans:       Nelson Mandela died in 2013.

  1. Short Type Questions : Marks : 2/3
  1. Who was Nelson Mandela? For how many years did he spend in prison?

Ans:       Nelson Mandela was a freedom fighter of South Africa and its first black President. He spent 27 years in prison.

  1. What took place on 10th May, 1994?

Ans:       The inauguration ceremony for the installation of South Africa’s democracy took place on 10th May, 1994.

  1. Where did the ‘ceremonies’ take place? Why were the ceremonies so important?

Ans:       The ‘ceremonies’ took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre in Pretoria in South Africa. The ceremonies were so important because these were meant for the celebration of victory of the South African natives over the ruling whites and for the installation of South Africa’s first ever democracy.

  1. Who were other persons who took oath along with Nelson Mandela?

Ans:       The persons who took oath along with Nelson Mandela were Mr de Klerk and Thabo Mbeki.

  1. What did Mandela mean when he mentioned ‘an extraordinary human disaster’?

Ans:       Mandela meant the indescribable sufferings of the South African people under the rule of the whites when he mentioned ‘an extraordinary human disaster’.

  1. Why did Mandela thank the international leaders for?

Ans:       Mandela thanked the international leaders for having come to take part in the common victory for justice, peace and human dignity on the South African soil.

  1. What ideals does Mandela set out for the future of South Africa?

Ans:       Mandela sets out the ideals of courage, generosity and wisdom for the future of South Africa.

  1. What spectacular show was displayed by the South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers on this important ceremony?

Ans:       South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings in Pretoria. A chevron of Impala jets left a smoke trail of the black, red, green, blue and gold of the new South African flag.

  1. What did the military generals do?

Ans:       The Military Generals saluted and pledged their loyalty to Nelson Mandela.

  1. How had the military generals’ attitude changed, and why?

Ans:       The military generals had witnessed the extraordinary courage and wisdom shown by Nelson Mandela in freeing South Africa from the bondage of the whites. The military generals, who would have arrested Mandela earlier, have now pledged their loyalty to him. This shows their change in attitude.

  1. State the two national anthems. Why were they sung?

Ans:       The two national anthems were – ‘Nkosi Sikelel –iAfrika’ and ‘Die Stem’.

  1. How was Mandela overwhelmed with a sense of history?

Ans:       In the first decade of the twentieth century and before Mandela’s birth, the whites in South Africa had erected a system of racial domination known as ‘apartheid’. In the last decade of the twentienth century, when Mandela was in his eighties, he saw that system crumbling. So, he was overwhelmed with a sense of history.

  1. How did Mandela describe the system of government in his country in the final decade of the twentieth century?

Ans:       Mandela described the system of government in his country in the final decade of the twentieth century as one that recognises the rights and freedoms of all people, irrespective of the colour of their skin.

  1. What did Mandela think of the patriots of Africa and of himself?

Ans:       Mandela thought that the freedom of South Africa had come through the sufferings and courage of the patriots. He said that he was simply the sum total of all those patriots. He regretted for having not been able to thank them.

  1. How did the policy of apartheid affect his country?

Ans:       The policy of apartheid left a lasting wound on South Africa. It was one of the harshest and most inhumane policies the world had ever seen. The rights and freedoms of the South African natives had been taken away by this policy of the ruling whites.

  1. What is the view of Mandela about the wealth of his country?

Ans:       Mandela was of the view that the greatest wealth of his country was its people, finer and truer than the purest diamonds.

  1. What does courage mean to Mandela?

Ans:       According to Mandela, courage is not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.

  1. What should people learn so that they can be taught to love?

Ans:       People should learn to hate so that they can be taught to love.

  1. How does Mandela look at his own people?

Ans:       Mandela has seen his own people risking and giving their lives for an idea. He has seen men stand up to attacks and torture without breaking, showing a strength and resilience   that defies the imagination.

  1. Describe the twin obligations as stated by the author?

Ans:       The twin obligations stated by Mandela are – (i) obligations to one’s family, to parents, to wife, and to children ; and (ii) obligations to one’s people, to the community, and to the country.

  1. What problems hinder each man to fulfil these obligations in South Africa?

Ans:       Whenever a native South African tries to fulfil his duty to his people, he is ripped from his family and forced to live an isolated life. He is isolated even if he tries to live as a human being. So, it is very difficult in South Africa to fulfil these obligations.

  1. What problems were faced by Mandela in the beginning in placing his people above his family?

Ans:       In the beginning, in attempting to serve his people, Mandela found that he was prevented from fulfilling his obligations as a son, a brother, a father and a husband.

  1. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student?

Ans:       As a boy, being free meant to Mandela the freedoms of running in the fields, swimming in the clear stream, roasting mealies in the open, and riding bulls. As a student, he understood freedom as the ability to stay out at night, read what he pleased, and go where he chose.

  1. What did Mandela yearn for as a young man in Johannesburg?

Ans:       As a young man in Johannesburg, Mandela yearned for the freedoms of achieving his potential, of earning his keep, of marrying and having a family.

  1. What did he perceive about his brothers and sisters?

Ans:       Mandela perceived that not only was he not free, but also his brothers and his sisters were not free.

  1. What changed Mandela as a young man into a bold one?

Ans:       Mandela’s desire for the freedom of his people to live their lives with dignity and self-respect changed him into a bold one.

  1. What is the viewpoint of Mandela about ‘freedom’?

Ans:       Mandela’s viewpoint on ‘freedom’ is that it is indivisible. The chains on anyone of his people were the chains on all of them.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

Model Questions and Answers on A Letter to God by G.L. Fuentes

A Letter to God

  1. Very Short Type Questions: Mark: 1
  1. Choose the correct answer.

(a) A Letter to God was written by

(i) Ruskin Bond.                (ii) Lokesh Abrol.              (iii) G.L. Fuentes.

Ans: (iii) G.L. Fuentes.

(b) The house stood on

(i) the crest of a low hill.                                (ii) the crest of a mountain.         (iii) a deep valley.

Ans: (i) the crest of a low hill.

(c) The crop that grew was

(i) wheat.            (ii) corn.               (iii) barley.

Ans: (ii) corn.

(d) Lencho’s profession was

(i) share cropping.           (ii) farming.         (iii) brickmaking.

Ans: (ii) farming.

(e) Lencho went out into the rain to

(i) enjoy himself.              (ii) have the pleasure of feeling the rain on his body.      (iii) collect rain water.

Ans: (ii) have the pleasure of feeling the rain on his body.

(f) Lencho wrote a letter to

(i) God.                 (ii) the village master.    (iii) the post master.

Ans: (i) God.

(g) Lencho’s manner of posting the letter showed that

(i) he was truly a kind hearted and simple man. (ii) he was greedy.           (iii) he needed education.

Ans: (i) he was truly a kind hearted and simple man.

  1. State whether the following are true or false :

(a) Lencho was a farmer by profession.                                 Ans: True.

(b) Lencho had no family of his own.                                       Ans: False.

(c) Lencho predicted the rain by looking at the clouds.    Ans: True.

(d) All the corns of Lencho were totally destroyed.          Ans: True.

(e) Lencho had an unshakable faith in God.                         Ans: True.

(f) Lencho expects 100 roubles in reply to his letter.        Ans: False.

(g) The Postmaster came to know about Lencho’s unshakable belief in God by opening and reading the letter of Lencho to God.                                                 Ans: True.

(h) Lencho wrote a second letter to God conveying his thanks to Almighty for fulfilling his wish. Ans: False.

  1. Choose the correct answer from the alternatives given :

(a) ______ sat on the crest of a low _____.         (top of a hill/middle/height)

Ans:       top of a hill.

(b) ______ was a downpour or at least _____. (wind/heavy fall of rain/storm)

Ans:       heavy fall of rain.

(c) ______ in that solitary house _____.                              (lonely/sociable/congested)

Ans:       lonely.

(d) ______ fat, amiable fellow _____.                  (unsociable/friendly/mannerless)

Ans:       friendly.

(e) ______ experiencing the contentment of a man _____.        (disgust/derision/satisfaction)

Ans:       satisfaction.

Lencho

  1. Who is the writer of the prose-piece, “A Letter to God”?

Ans:       G.L. Fuentes is the writer of the prose-piece, “A Letter to God”.

  1. Who was Lencho?

Ans:       Lencho was a Latin American farmer.

  1. Where was the house of Lencho situated?

Ans:       The house of Lencho was situated on the crest of a low hill in a valley.

  1. From where can one see the river?

Ans:       One can see the river from the top of a hill.

  1. What crop was farmed by Lencho?

Ans:       Lencho farmed corn.

  1. What was the peculiar thing about Lencho’s house?

Ans:       The peculiar thing about Lencho’s house was that it was the only one in the entire valley.

  1. What did the crop need before ripening?

Ans:       The crop needed a downpour or at least a shower before ripening.

  1. Who was the “woman” mentioned in the story?

Ans:       The “woman” mentioned in the story was Lencho’s wife.

  1. What was prepared by the woman?

Ans:       Dinner was prepared by the woman.

  1. Where were the older boys working?

Ans:       The older boys were working in the field.

  1. Where were the smaller boys playing?

Ans:       The smaller boys were playing near the house.

  1. What was Lencho’s profession?

Ans:       Lencho’s profession was farming.

  1. What happened during the meal?

Ans:       Big drops of rain began to fall during the meal.

  1. When did the big drops of rain begin to fall?

Ans:       The big drops of rain began to fall while Lencho’s wife was preparing meal.

  1. From where the huge mountains of clouds could be seen approaching?

Ans:       From the north-east direction the huge mountains of clouds could be seen approaching.

  1. How was the air?

Ans:       The air was fresh and sweet.

  1. Why did Lencho go out in the rain?

Ans:       Lencho went out in the rain to have the pleasure of feeling the rain on his body.

  1. What were the raindrops like, according to Lencho?

Ans:       The raindrops were like new coins, according to Lencho.

  1. When did the very large hailstones begin to fall?

Ans:       A strong wind had begun to blow. Thereafter, very large hailstones began to fall along with the rain.

  1. How did the field look after the rain?

Ans:       The field looked white, as if covered with salt after the rain.

  1. What happened to Lencho’s field?

Ans:       Lencho’s field was completely destroyed by the hailstones.

  1. Who or what did Lencho have faith in?

Ans:       Lencho had faith in God.

  1. Was Lencho a hardworking man?

Ans:       Yes, Lencho was. He was, in fact, an ox of a man, working like an animal in the fields.

  1. To whom did Lencho write a letter?

Ans:       Lencho wrote a letter to God.

  1. What was the strange thing about Lencho’s letter?

Ans:       The strange thing about Lencho’s letter was that it was addressed to none other than God.

  1. What did Lencho expect in reply to his letter?

Ans:       Lencho expected a hundred pesos in reply to his letter.

  1. Where did Lencho drop the letter?

Ans:       Lencho dropped the letter in the mailbox at the post office.

  1. To whom did the postman give the letter?

Ans:       The postman gave the letter to the postmaster.

  1. Who read the letter?

Ans:       The postmaster read the letter.

  1. What was the idea that the postmaster came up with?

Ans:       The postmaster came up with the idea of answering the letter to God as God himself.

  1. To whom did the postmaster ask for money?

Ans:       The postmaster asked for money from his employees and friends.

  1. How much money did the postmaster himself give?

Ans:       The postmaster gave a part of his salary.

  1. Did Lencho receive a reply to his letter?

Ans:       Yes, he did.

  1. When did Lencho come to the post office again?

Ans:       Lencho came to the post office again the following Sunday.

  1. Who handed the letter to Lencho?

Ans:       The postman handed the letter to Lencho.

  1. What did Lencho seek when he went up to the window?

Ans:       Lencho sought paper and ink when he went up to the window.

  1. Why did Lencho write a second letter to God?

Ans:       Lencho wrote a second letter to God to complain that only a part of the money reached him. He blamed the post office employees for this.

  1. Who read the letter for the second time?

Ans:       The postmaster read the letter for the second time.

  1. Short Type Questions: Marks : 2/3
  1. Give a brief description of Lencho’s house.

Ans:       Lencho’s house was the only one in the entire valley. It sat on the crest of a low hill overlooking the river and the field of ripe corn dotted with flowers that always promised a good harvest.

  1. Who was Lencho? What was his profession?

Ans:       Lencho was a Latin American farmer who cropped corn. His profession was farming.

  1. Give a brief description of Lencho’s family.

Ans:       Lencho had a wife and at least four boys. It was a happy family. The family members were deeply religious. They lived in a solitary house on a hilltop.

  1. When did the rain start? How did the family of Lencho welcome the rain?

Ans:       The rain started during the meal. The family of Lencho welcomed the rain warmly. Lencho was so excited that he went out to feel the rain on his body.

  1. What did Lencho hope for?

Ans:       Lecho hoped for help from God.

  1. Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?

Ans:       The raindrops would make a good harvest and therby bring new coins to Lencho. So he says the raindrops were like ‘new coins’.

  1. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s fields?

Ans:       After a sudden gust of wind had begun to blow, very large hailstones began to fall along with the rain.

Lencho’s field was totally destroyed by the hailstones.

  1. Describe the destruction caused by hailstones in Lencho’s fields.

Ans:       The hail rained on Lencho’s house, garden, cornfield, the hillside and the entire valley for an hour. The field was white, as if covered with salt. Not a leaf remained on the trees. The corn in Lencho’s cornfield was totally destroyed.

  1. What were Lencho’s feelings when the rain/hail had stopped?

Ans:       Lencho was filled with sadness after the rain/hail had stopped. His corn was totally destroyed. He said to his sons that they would have no corn that year. But he was hopeful of getting help from God.

  1. How did Lencho console his family?

Ans:       Lencho consoled his family saying that it was not a total loss, though it seems to be. He further adds that no one dies of hunger.

  1. Who or what did Lencho have faith in?

Ans:       Lencho had faith in God.

  1. What did Lencho write in the first letter addressed to God?

Ans:       In the first letter, Lencho wrote, “God, if you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year. I need a hundred pesos in order to sow my field again and to live until the crop comes, because the hailstorm… .”

  1. How did Lencho send the letter?

Ans:       Lencho went to the post office at town one Sunday, placed a stamp on the letter and dropped it into the mailbox.

  1. Why was the postmaster amazed after seeing the letter?

Ans:       The postmaster was amazed to see that the letter was addressed to none other than God. He was amazed at the sender’s deep faith in God.

  1. What did the postmaster do in order to not break Lencho’s firm belief/faith in the Almighty/God?

Ans:       In order to not break Lencho’s firm belief/faith in the Almighty/God, the postmaster decided to answer the letter as God himself. He collected money from his employees, friends and contributed a part of his salary to send to Lencho. He put the money in an envelope and sent it.

  1. Why did the postmaster send money to Lencho? Why did he sign the letter ‘God’?

Ans:       The postmaster sent money to Lencho in order to not shake his firm faith in God. It was also an act of charity.

He signed the letter ‘God’ so that Lencho would think the letter really came from God.

  1. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it? Cite the reason.

Ans:       Lencho was not the least surprised to find a letter for him with money in it. He was totally sure that it came from God. Such was his faith in God.

  1. When did Lencho come to the post office? What were the reasons of the postmaster and the postman to Lencho’s coming there?

Ans:       Lencho came to the post office the following Sunday a bit earlier than usual.

The postmaster and the postman would probably think that Lencho had come there in order to write a letter of thanks to God.

  1. Why was Lencho angry after opening the letter?

Ans:       Lencho was angry after opening the letter because he found only seventy pesos inside the envelope. He had demanded a hundred pesos from God. Instead of getting angry on God, he got angry on the post office employees because he thought them to have misappropriated the money.

  1. What did Lencho write in his second letter to God?

Ans:       In the second letter to God, Lencho informed that he had only received seventy pesos. He requested God to send him the rest of the money through 

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Textbook Solutions to FIRST FLIGHT for Class X under NCERT Curriculum

Textbook: FIRST FLIGHT

 

A Letter to God

  1. What did Lencho hope for?

Ans: Lencho hoped that the hailstorm should go as quickly as possible.

  1. Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?

Ans: As raindrops would have helped in getting a better harvest resulting in more prosperity, Lencho compared them with new coins.

  1. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s fields?

Ans: The rain changed to hailstorm. All the crop in the field was destroyed.

  1. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?

Ans: After the destruction caused by hail, Lencho was shattered. He could see a bleak future for him and his family. He was worried about lack of food for the coming year.

  1. Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?

Answer: Lencho had faith in God. He believed that God could see everything and would help him out. Lencho wrote a letter to God, explained his situation and asked for some money from Him.

  1. Who read the letter?

Answer: The postmaster read the letter.

  1. What did the postmaster do then?

Answer: The postmaster was deeply touched by Lencho’s faith in God. He asked his colleagues to contribute some money so that they could send that to Lencho.

  1. Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentences in the story tell you this?

Answer: The following sentences explain Lencho’s faith in God, “But in the hearts of all who lived in that solitary house in the middle of the valley, there was a single hope: help from God. “Don’t be so upset, even though this seems like a total loss. Remember, no one dies of hunger.”

  1. Why does the postmaster send money to Lencho? Why does he sign the letter ‘God’?

Answer: The postmaster was moved by Lencho’s complete faith in God. So, he decided to send money to Lencho. Moreover, the postmaster did not want to shake Lencho’s faith in God. So, he signed the letter as ‘God’. It was a good ploy to convey a message that God had himself written the letter.

  1. Did Lencho try to find out who had sent the money to him? Why/Why not?

Answer: As Lencho had complete faith in God, he did not try to find out the actual sender of money.

  1. Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money? What is the irony in the situation?

Answer: Lencho had all his doubts on people working in the post office. The irony of the situation is the finger pointing to those who had tried to help out Lencho. In real life also we come across such situations. Many a time you would have tried helping someone and he may get a wrong message.

  1. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it?

Answer: Lencho was not surprised to get the money.

  1. What made him angry?

Answer: The fact that he received half the amount he had requested for, made him angry.

  1. Are there people like Lencho in the real world? What kind of a person would you say he is? You may select appropriate words from the following list to answer the question.

Greedy, naïve, stupid, ungrateful, selfish, comical, unquestioning

Answer: In the real world it almost impossible to find people, like Lencho. Lencho seems to be naïve and unquestioning. Naïve in the sense that he doesn’t even bother to think about who sent the money or if God would actually send the money. Probably his naiveté comes from his unquestioning belief in the God.

  1. There are two kinds of conflict in the story: between humans and nature, and between humans themselves. How are these conflicts illustrated?

Answer: In the initial part of the story the episode of rainfall turning into a hailstorm shows the conflict between man and nature. When it is a rainfall the man is very happy dreaming about happy days ahead. But once the rain turns into hail the man is ruing the happening of hailstorm. The way Lencho is feeling sad and gloomy after the storm appropriately projects the conflict of the nature and the man. In the later part of the story when Lencho blames post office people for stealing part of the money then it is showing the conflict between humans. Although nothing is written what happened after that, but anybody can imagine the mental situation when postmaster read the letter.

Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

  1. Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?

Answer: The ceremonies took place in the campus of the Union Building of Pretoria. Rashtrapati Bhavan, and Red Fort are some of the buildings made from sandstone.

  1. Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?

Answer: As South Africa is in the southern hemisphere, so it is autumn season there.

  1. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious … human achievement” he speaks of at the end?

Answer: The extraordinary human disaster was the practice of apartheid in South Africa. During apartheid regime there was racial segregation based on skin colour of people. Black people did not have proper constitutional rights.

The end of apartheid regime and the beginning of a more tolerant society was the glorious human achievement.

  1. What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

Answer: During apartheid era many country had severed diplomatic ties with South Africa. On that day most of the countries dignitaries were present to attend the swearing in ceremony. This was a gesture of international recognition to a newly born free nation. Nelson Mandela was thanking them for this recognition.

  1. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?

Answer: Mandela set out the ideals of poverty alleviation, removal of suffering of people. He also set the ideal for a society where there would be no discrimination based on gender or racial origins.

  1. What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?

Answer: Military generals salute Nelson Mandela, which is having tis own importance as during apartheid era they would have arrested Mandela. The change in their attitude was because of struggle and sacrifices put in by many heroes of South Africa. This struggle not only ensured the freedom of South Africa but also brought a change of mindsets for many. As Nelson Mandela believed that like hate love can also be taught and human being is naturally oriented towards love rather than hate.

  1. Why were two national anthems sung?

Answer: The rendition of national anthem from old republic as well as new republic was sign of the pledge of those who were laying the foundation of a new nation. As it was pledge to build a society devoid of any type of discrimination, the old republic song was also sung to show solidarity with white people and to show that it will be a truly multicultural society.

  1. How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?

Answer: In the first decade after the Anglo-Boer war it was the birth of an oppressive regime which created a system to deprive the black people of every basic human rights. In the final decade, of the twentieth century the system developed a strong pattern of even ignoring the sacrifices made by so many great leaders of South Africa. It was like as if black never existed for the apartheid regime.

  1. What does courage mean to Mandela?

Answer: For Mandela courage does not mean the absence of fear but a victory over fear. According to him brave men need not be fearless but should be able to conquer fear.

  1. Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?

Answer: Mandela thinks for human beings it natural to love rather than to hate.

  1. Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?

Answer: The presence of large number of international leaders was a gesture of solidarity from international community to the idea of the end of apartheid. It signified the triumph of good over evil, the triumph of the idea of a tolerant society without any discrimination.

  1. What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all those African patriots” who had gone before him?

Answer: As Mandela was carrying forward the baton of the freedom struggle, he was also carrying the legacy of leaders of yesteryears. In a baton race the new runner simply carries forward the work done by his predecessors. This is what Nelson Mandela was doing. That is what he was trying to convey by making this statement.

  1. Would you agree that the “depths of oppression” create “heights of character”? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?

Answer: I agree with the statement that depths of oppression create heights of character. Nelson Mandela illustrates this by giving examples of great heroes of South Africa who sacrificed their lives in the long freedom struggle.

India is full of such examples. During our freedom struggle there was a galaxy of leaders of great characters. Probably the oppression of British rule created so many men of such characters. If we compare this with the quality of political leaders India is having today, then Nelson Mandela seems to be absolutely right.

  1. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

Answer: During young age freedom for Mandela meant a freedom on a personal level. The freedom to raise a family, and the freedom to earn a livelihood. After gaining experience the freedom meant a lot more to Nelson Mandela. It was a freedom for everybody. It was a freedom from fear and prejudice. Age and experience made his perspective wider.

  1. How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?

Answer: Slowly Nelson Mandela’s hunger for freedom turned from that on a personal level to a broader mass level. This changed the fearful man to a fearless rebel. He sacrificed the comforts of a settled family life to fight for a greater cause.

  1. What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?

Answer: In South Africa or in any nation there are two obligations for a person. One is at the personal level towards his family. Another obligation is towards the society. Apart from striving for personal goals a person should also work hard to contribute something to the society.

  1. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms” with “the basic and honourable freedoms”?

Answer: Like any other kid for Mandela also the freedom meant a freedom to make merry and enjoy the blissful life. Once anybody becomes an adult then antics of childhood looks like transitory because most of the childish activity is wasteful from an adult’s perspective.

Once you are adult then someday you have to earn a livelihood to bring the bacon home, then only you get an honourable existence in the family and in the society.

  1. Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?

Answer: Mandela does not think that the oppressor is free. Because, the oppressor is, the prisoner of hatred and prejudice.

Glimpses of India: Coorg

  1. Where is Coorg?

Answer: Coorg is situated in Karnataka. It is midway from Mysore to Mangalore.

  1. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent?

Answer: It is believed that Kodavu people are of Arabic origin. It is said that some of Alexander’s army moved to the south and settled there. Their costumes, martial practices and marriage rituals also point to the fact that they are from Arabic origin.

  1. What are some of the things you now know about

(i) the people of Coorg?

Answer: The people of Coorg are a proud martial race. Their women are beautiful. Martial race means those who have well developed fighting skills. They have a great tradition of hospitality. They would often recount stories of valour of their menfolks.

(ii) the main crop of Coorg?

Answer: The description of abundance of coffee plantations indicate that coffee is the main crop of Coorg.

(iii) the sports it offers to tourists?

Answer: The sporting activities in Coorg are of high energy variety. They are river rafting, canoeing, rock climbing, rappelling and mountain biking.

(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg?

Answer: Macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs and slender loris are widely found in Coorg. Apart from them elephants are also present.

(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there?

Answer: Coorg is 252 kms from Bangalore. From Mysore it is 146 Kms and there is good train connectivity between Mysore and Coorg. From Bangalore bus services are available. From the rest of India anybody can reach Bangalore airport by flight and proceed towards Coorg. (ref: http://www.karnataka.com/tourism/coorg )

  1. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

(i) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)

Answer: During the monsoons, it pours enough to keep many visitors away.

(ii) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)

Answer: As one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical.

(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)

Answer: Coorgi homes have a tradition of hospitality, and they are more than willing to recount numerous tales of valour related to their sons and fathers.

(iv) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)

Answer: The most laidback individuals become converts to the life of high-energy adventure with river rafting.

(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)

Answer: The theory of Arab origin draws support from the long, black coat with an embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus.

(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy.

Answer: Macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs and slender loris keep a watchful eye from the tree canopy.

Madam Rides The Bus

  1. What was Valli’s favourite pastime?

Answer: As Valli had no playmate of her age, so her favourite pastime was to stand in her doorway and watch the street. The street outside used to be full of activities which were enough to keep her amused and engaged.

  1. What was a source of unending joy for Valli? What was her strongest desire?

Answer: The bus was a source of unending joy for her. The bus used to bring a new set of passengers every-time it came from the town. The diversity of people, their activities were a treat to watch for Valli. Her strongest desire was to take a ride in the bus at least once.

  1. What did Valli find out about the bus journey? How did she find out these details?

Answer: Valli tried to listen to her neighbours to get the desired information about the bus journey. She would ask some discrete questions to get more information. She got information about distance of the town from her village and the total journey time it usually took.

  1. What do you think Valli was planning to do?

Answer: Till now information provided in the story indicate towards her plan to fulfill her strongest desire which was to go on a bus ride.

  1. Why does the conductor call Valli ‘madam’?

Answer: Valli is trying to behave more mature than her age. She is trying to look overconfident and smart. The conductor is amused at her behaviour and in an effort to tease her calls her ‘madam’.

  1. Why does Valli stand up on the seat? What does she see now?

Answer: Valli’s view was obstructed because of a canvas blind on the window and because of her small height as well, she was unable to have a good view outside. She stood up on her seat to have a better view of the scenery outside. She could see a canal with palm trees, grasslands, distant mountains and blue sky as backdrop. On the other side there was a ditch followed by vast tract of greenery.

  1. What does Valli tell the elderly man when he calls her a child?

Answer: Valli doesn’t like to be called a child. She thinks that she is grown up. She says that she had paid her full fair the way adults do. This is typical behaviour shown by many kids of Valli’s age.

  1. Why didn’t Valli want to make friends with the elderly woman?

Answer: The elderly woman was having big earlobes with bigger holes. She chewing betel nut and the betel juice was about to seep out of her mouth. She was giving a sight of unrefined elderly lady. That is why Vaali did not want to make friends with her.

  1. How did Valli save up money for her first journey? Was it easy for her?

Answer: Valli saved every coin that came her way. She made great sacrifices by controlling her normal childish urges of having candies, toys and joyrides. This must have been difficult for her. Kids find it very difficult to savour a candy or to enjoy a toy.

  1. What did Valli see on her way that made her laugh?

Answer: A scared cow was running for her life in the middle of the road. It was jumping with tails up. The more incessantly bus driver honked the more furious its scamper became. Valli could not control her laughter after seeing this.

  1. Why didn’t she get off the bus at the bus station?

Answer: She did not know anything about the town so was afraid of getting lost. Moreover, her meticulous savings plan allowed her enough money to buy only tickets for her journey. Additionally, she had to return before her mother could find her missing.

  1. Why didn’t Valli want to go to the stall and have a drink? What does this tell you about her?

Answer: She did not want to take obligation from the conductor. This indicates that she is taught of not taking anything from strangers. She may be a small child but she knows how to behave properly in the outside world.