Probable Q&A on A Question of Trust

A QUESTION OF TRUST

Q.1. What does Horace Danby like to collect? Why does he steal every year?

Ans: Horace Danby likes to collect rare and expensive books.

He steals every year in order to see him through a year and to buy rare and expensive books through an agent. For this, he planned carefully and robbed a safe every year.

Q.2. Who is Horace Danby? What kind of person is he? How did he become the Assistant Librarian in the prison?

Ans: Horace Danby is a good and respectable person in public view, but is not completely honest. He is a peculiar thief who robs a safe every year to buy books.

Horace had served his first sentence in a prison library fifteen years ago. He was tricked by a charming and young lady who was in the same profession. He was caught by the police for robbery at Shotover Grange. At the prison, he was made the Assistant Librarian keeping in view his previous experience in the prison library.

Q.3. Horace Danby was a meticulous planner but still he faltered. Where did he go wrong and why?

Ans: Horace Danby was a meticulous planner. Each year, he planned carefully just what he would do. Before robbing at Shotover Grange he had studied the house for two weeks, looked at its electric wiring, its paths and its garden. He crossed over the garden wall, carried his bag full of tools and entered the kitchen with the key hung outside. He wore a pair of gloves so that no fingerprint was left. He had already befriended their pet dog “Sherry”. He had even read a magazine article describing the interior of this house. Everything was done meticulously upto this. But when he could not resist sneezing, another thief, who was upstairs, got alarmed. She was a pretty young lady. She quickly understood that he was a thief. But Horace took her for the lady of the house. The lady took this opportunity and tricked him. Horace faltered because he had lesser presence of mind as compared to the lady. He had studied everything minutely except the people living in the house. Besides, he had a faith in the saying, ‘honour among thieves’.

Q.4. What are the subtle ways in which the lady manages to deceive Horace Danby into thinking she is the lady of the house? Why doesn’t he suspect that something is wrong?

Ans: Horace Danby could not resist himself from sneezing inside Shotover Grange. Quite interestingly, there was another thief – a pretty young lady – upstairs, who had heard his sneezing. She came downstairs and asked him, “What is it? A cold or a hay fever?” Horace replied without a thought and then saw her. He thought her to be one of the family members. Instead of running away, he thought of avoiding trouble by treating her the right way. The lady was too cunning a thief. She threatened of handing him over to the police. Horace too tried to frighten, but to no effect. She began demoralising him saying, “Society must be protected from men like you”. Horace started begging her again and again to let him go. She agreed on one condition, that Horace must have to open the safe so that she might wear the jewels to a party that night. Horace did the same and went away happily. But on the third day, a policeman arrested him for jewel robbery.

Q.5. “Horace Danby was good and respectable – but not completely honest”. Why do you think this description is apt for Horace? Why can’t he be categorised as a typical thief?

Ans: In public view, Horace Danby was good and respectable. He was about fifty years old and unmarried. He lived with a housekeeper. He ran …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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Physical Exercise

Introduction : No one can be happy without good health. To be healthy, physical exercise is necessary. Physical exercise keeps the body fit and free from diseases.

Kinds : There may be several kinds of physical exercise. These are swimming, riding, playing games and sports, jogging, walking, running, tracking, boating, gardening and so on. These should be done in the open air for maximum benefit.

Its use :              It is said that a sound mind lives in a sound body. It improves both our body and mind. Physical exercise strengthen our immune system. So, various diseases can not attack us easily. In the long run, physical exercise can increase our longevity and happiness.

Its value to students :              Students should be very cautious of their health. If their health is not sound, they can not study hard. They will find it difficult to concentrate on studies. As a result, their performance will degrade. So they should take proper care of health through physical exercises. They should take active part in the games and sports at school and join N.C.C. and N.S.S.

Conclusion :    …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

>> The full essay is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

Our School Library

Our school library is one of the assets to our school. It is the treasure house of knowledge, past and present. It is so because the world’s mighty brains are represented there through their works. Just a glance would show that the names of great writers of the world are found side by side in the shelves of our library.

Our library is a quiet spot in our school. It is housed in one of the wings of our school building. Gilded volumes decorate the glass chests. There are different shelves for different languages. Thus one finds books on English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali and so on. For each language, books are classified under different heads. Thus there are books on drama, prose, poetry, etc. There is also a number of reference books. The walls of the library are decorated with portraits of great writers.

The library is very well equipped for comfortable reading. Cushion seats are provided for students to use during the day. One can take any book from the shelves, sit there and read undisturbed by anybody. So one can find a number of boys and girls there in the evenings reading books.

Another attraction of our library is the reference room. A number of dailies, and magazines are regularly received. The illustrated magazines are the attractions for us, students.

The library service is very efficient. There is an able librarian, who is also well read. One can have a free access to the shelves and pick up any book one likes. There are two index cabinets, one according to subjects and the other according to the authors. So one never finds it difficult to choose the right book.

The library is very well utilized both by the students and the members of the staff. The students are well trained in silent reading. The library is a very useful place for self-study. When assignments are given by teachers, students make full use of the library to their advantage. Thus our library is a place for intellectual work in our school.

Our School Magazine

What a school magazine is : A School magazine is a collection of creative writings of students and teachers of a school in printed form. It may also contain data of the school and relevant photographs. School magazines are generally published annually, but there may be exceptions too.

How it is managed and published : A magazine committee or an editorial board is formed to collect writings and make selection. An editor is nominated to supervise all the tasks right from the beginning to the end. He has to classify the writings as poetry, articles, drama etc and divide tasks among the editorial board members. Then he has to collect greetings from well-wishers of the school. He has to compose an editorial. After getting the selected writings he has to contact a printing house. The printing house makes a draft of the manuscript on computer and hands it over to him for proof-reading. After the proof-reading is done, the magazine is arranged nicely. An attractive front cover is made. Then it is sent for offset printing. Thus it is published.

Name of our school magazine :                         Our school magazine is named “Gyan Sagar”. The first issue came out last year. The second issue has been published recently.

Contents :         This issue of school magazine has various sections such as “Articles”, “Poetry”, “Drama”, “Stories”, “Interviews” etc. The “Articles” section has 14 articles, “Poetry” section has 19, “Drama” section has 2, “Stories” section has 7, and “Interviews” section has 2. Besides these, there are a lot of photographs of school activities such as Annual Sports and Cultural Week, Teachers’ Day Celebration, Freshers’ Social, Farewell Meeting etc. Jokes and quotes are also inserted here and there. It is quite a fabulous magazine to read.

Conclusion :    A school magazine is a must in every school. It brings out the creative talent of the students and encourage them for learning.

Textbook Solutions to FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET for Class X under NCERT Curriculum

Textbook: FOOTPRINTS WITHOUT FEET

The Midnight Visitor

  1. “Ausable did not fit any description of a secret agent Fowler had ever read.” What do secret agents in books and films look like, in your opinion?

Answer: Secret agents in fiction are projected like ideal men, ‘Tall dark and handsome’. They are usually well built and keep have beautiful women for company. They would always smoke pipe or cigar and do death defying stunts. James Bond is a very famous character by Ian Fleming. Movies based on James Bond show hi-tech gizmos which assist the detective in countering villains. There are some exceptions as well. There is a character named Feluda which was created by Satyajit Ray, the famous Bangla Filmmaker. Feluda was typical bhadralok by appearance.

  1. How does Ausable manage to make Max believe that there is a balcony attached to his room? Look back at his detailed description of it. What makes it a convincing story?

Answer: Ausable creates a detailed description of how his office was part a bigger apartment and how the next room had direct connection with the balcony. His statement that somebody else also broke into his office through that balcony made it a convincing story.

  1. Looking back at the story, when do you think Ausable thought up his plan for getting rid of Max? Do you think he had worked out his plan in detail right from the beginning? Or did he make up a plan taking advantage of events as they happened?

Answer: Ausable is very clever the way a detective should be. He made the plan to get rid of Max from the very beginning which is evident from the story of the imaginary balcony. He knew the waiter would come to deliver his drinks. He planned carefully to create an imaginary policeman which would have compelled Max to jump on the non-existent balcony.

A Question of Trust

  1. Did you begin to suspect, before the end of the story, that the lady was not the person Horace Danby took her to be? If so, at what point did you realise this, and how?

Answer: It is difficult to guess before the story ends. The incidence of the lady calming the dog gives some hint but it is not strong enough. Her statement of getting the safe repaired can make some reader to think but this can be also be a case of fear of a strict husband.

  1. What are the subtle ways in which the lady manages to deceive Horace Danby into thinking she is the lady of the house? Why doesn’t Horace suspect that something is wrong?

Answer: Her confident walk, her act of touching up her make-up and the ease with which she picks cigarette from the right place are enough to deceive anybody. Horace was too frightened to think properly so he didn’t suspect anything.

  1. “Horace Danby was good and respectable — but not completely honest”. Why do you think this description is apt for Horace? Why can’t he be categorised as a typical thief?

Answer: Danby’s habits were not typical of a thief. He was fond of books. He used to steal only once in a year so he was never stealing more than his needs. Act of theft is still a crime not matter how good a thief behaves, so Danby can’t be termed as completely honest. He is not a regular offender like other thieves so he can’t be categorized as a typical thief.

  1. Horace Danby was a meticulous planner but still he faltered. Where did he go wrong and why?

Answer: Horace Danby failed to get enough information about real occupants of the house. He seems to be too occupied with collecting information about house map, wiring and location of valuable things. Although he was smart enough to know the dog’s actual name but overlooked getting identity of each and every occupants of the house. Once he was in problem then probably his clever mind gave way to carelessness leading him to open the safe without wearing gloves.

  1. Do you think Horace Danby was unfairly punished, or that he deserved what he got?

Answer: He deserved what he got. A crime is a crime no matter if it is committed a hundred times or just once.

  1. Do intentions justify actions? Would you, like Horace Danby, do something wrong if you thought your ends justified the means? Do you think that there are situations in which it is excusable to act less than honestly?

Answer: “Ends do not justify means”, this is a very old and time tested saying. For own benefit nobody should harm others. But this world doesn’t function on idealism. There are many examples of people duping people for quick gains. These acts should be deplored and dealt with severely.

Footprints Without Feet

  1. ”Griffin was rather a lawless person” comment.

Answer: Griffin never thought twice before harming anybody. He put his landlord’s house on fire. Then his stealing acts at shops and later in the village indicate towards this. When he was encountered by the landlady of the inn, he threw chair at her and her husband. Lawless persons never think about safety and well being of others. They are always preoccupied with their benefits only.

  1. How would you assess Griffin as Scientist ?

Answer: Griffin is a brilliant scientist which is evident from his drug of invisibility. But he seems to enjoy the feeling of power which he got out of his invisibility. The power to hurt anybody without getting noticed can give sadistic pleasure to somebody. A true scientist makes discovery for the larger benefit of the society.

The Hack Driver

  1. When the lawyer reached New Mullion, did ‘Bill’ know that he was looking for Lutkins? When do you think Bill came up with his plan for fooling the lawyer?

Answer: Lutkins’ act of taking the lawyer for a ride clearly indicates that he is a very cunning person. It is his natural behaviour not to disclose his true identity to unknown persons. Moreover, being a cheat as he is it seems his regular practice to dupe people who are newcomers.

  1. Lutkins openly takes the lawyer all over the village. How is it that no one lets out the secret? Can you find other such subtle ways in which Lutkins manipulates the tour?

Answer: Lutkin never allows the lawyer to the place where the imaginary Lutkins is supposed to be present at a given time. The way he weaves stories about Lutkin’s vagabond nature and the way he scares the lawyer about Lutkin’s mother are great tools applied by Bill.

  1. Why do you think Lutkins’ neighbours were anxious to meet the lawyer?

Answer: Lutkin’s neighbours were not anxious to meet a person who could be easily duped. They wanted to enjoy the lawyer’s predicament.

  1. After his first day’s experience with the hack driver the lawyer thinks of returning to New Mullion to practise law. Do you think he would have reconsidered this idea after his second visit?

Answer: After his second visit the lawyer must have got the shock of his life that how easily he believed Lutkin. He also got a lesson to deal carefully with people. The image of a village with friendly people must have changed in his mind. So there is least chance of him planning to practice law in that village.

  1. Do you think the lawyer was gullible? How could he have avoided being taken for a ride?

Answer: The lawyer seems to be a simpleton and inexperienced person. He has yet to come to grips with the way the bad world functions. He could have done his homework better before going to the village. He could have taken a photograph of Lutkin if available. Before relying on Bill he could have cross checked with other people as well. He could have avoided sending Bill alone to search Lutkin.

Textbook Solutions to FIRST FLIGHT for Class X under NCERT Curriculum

Textbook: FIRST FLIGHT

 

A Letter to God

  1. What did Lencho hope for?

Ans: Lencho hoped that the hailstorm should go as quickly as possible.

  1. Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?

Ans: As raindrops would have helped in getting a better harvest resulting in more prosperity, Lencho compared them with new coins.

  1. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s fields?

Ans: The rain changed to hailstorm. All the crop in the field was destroyed.

  1. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?

Ans: After the destruction caused by hail, Lencho was shattered. He could see a bleak future for him and his family. He was worried about lack of food for the coming year.

  1. Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do?

Answer: Lencho had faith in God. He believed that God could see everything and would help him out. Lencho wrote a letter to God, explained his situation and asked for some money from Him.

  1. Who read the letter?

Answer: The postmaster read the letter.

  1. What did the postmaster do then?

Answer: The postmaster was deeply touched by Lencho’s faith in God. He asked his colleagues to contribute some money so that they could send that to Lencho.

  1. Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentences in the story tell you this?

Answer: The following sentences explain Lencho’s faith in God, “But in the hearts of all who lived in that solitary house in the middle of the valley, there was a single hope: help from God. “Don’t be so upset, even though this seems like a total loss. Remember, no one dies of hunger.”

  1. Why does the postmaster send money to Lencho? Why does he sign the letter ‘God’?

Answer: The postmaster was moved by Lencho’s complete faith in God. So, he decided to send money to Lencho. Moreover, the postmaster did not want to shake Lencho’s faith in God. So, he signed the letter as ‘God’. It was a good ploy to convey a message that God had himself written the letter.

  1. Did Lencho try to find out who had sent the money to him? Why/Why not?

Answer: As Lencho had complete faith in God, he did not try to find out the actual sender of money.

  1. Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money? What is the irony in the situation?

Answer: Lencho had all his doubts on people working in the post office. The irony of the situation is the finger pointing to those who had tried to help out Lencho. In real life also we come across such situations. Many a time you would have tried helping someone and he may get a wrong message.

  1. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money in it?

Answer: Lencho was not surprised to get the money.

  1. What made him angry?

Answer: The fact that he received half the amount he had requested for, made him angry.

  1. Are there people like Lencho in the real world? What kind of a person would you say he is? You may select appropriate words from the following list to answer the question.

Greedy, naïve, stupid, ungrateful, selfish, comical, unquestioning

Answer: In the real world it almost impossible to find people, like Lencho. Lencho seems to be naïve and unquestioning. Naïve in the sense that he doesn’t even bother to think about who sent the money or if God would actually send the money. Probably his naiveté comes from his unquestioning belief in the God.

  1. There are two kinds of conflict in the story: between humans and nature, and between humans themselves. How are these conflicts illustrated?

Answer: In the initial part of the story the episode of rainfall turning into a hailstorm shows the conflict between man and nature. When it is a rainfall the man is very happy dreaming about happy days ahead. But once the rain turns into hail the man is ruing the happening of hailstorm. The way Lencho is feeling sad and gloomy after the storm appropriately projects the conflict of the nature and the man. In the later part of the story when Lencho blames post office people for stealing part of the money then it is showing the conflict between humans. Although nothing is written what happened after that, but anybody can imagine the mental situation when postmaster read the letter.

Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

  1. Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?

Answer: The ceremonies took place in the campus of the Union Building of Pretoria. Rashtrapati Bhavan, and Red Fort are some of the buildings made from sandstone.

  1. Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?

Answer: As South Africa is in the southern hemisphere, so it is autumn season there.

  1. At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious … human achievement” he speaks of at the end?

Answer: The extraordinary human disaster was the practice of apartheid in South Africa. During apartheid regime there was racial segregation based on skin colour of people. Black people did not have proper constitutional rights.

The end of apartheid regime and the beginning of a more tolerant society was the glorious human achievement.

  1. What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

Answer: During apartheid era many country had severed diplomatic ties with South Africa. On that day most of the countries dignitaries were present to attend the swearing in ceremony. This was a gesture of international recognition to a newly born free nation. Nelson Mandela was thanking them for this recognition.

  1. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?

Answer: Mandela set out the ideals of poverty alleviation, removal of suffering of people. He also set the ideal for a society where there would be no discrimination based on gender or racial origins.

  1. What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?

Answer: Military generals salute Nelson Mandela, which is having tis own importance as during apartheid era they would have arrested Mandela. The change in their attitude was because of struggle and sacrifices put in by many heroes of South Africa. This struggle not only ensured the freedom of South Africa but also brought a change of mindsets for many. As Nelson Mandela believed that like hate love can also be taught and human being is naturally oriented towards love rather than hate.

  1. Why were two national anthems sung?

Answer: The rendition of national anthem from old republic as well as new republic was sign of the pledge of those who were laying the foundation of a new nation. As it was pledge to build a society devoid of any type of discrimination, the old republic song was also sung to show solidarity with white people and to show that it will be a truly multicultural society.

  1. How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?

Answer: In the first decade after the Anglo-Boer war it was the birth of an oppressive regime which created a system to deprive the black people of every basic human rights. In the final decade, of the twentieth century the system developed a strong pattern of even ignoring the sacrifices made by so many great leaders of South Africa. It was like as if black never existed for the apartheid regime.

  1. What does courage mean to Mandela?

Answer: For Mandela courage does not mean the absence of fear but a victory over fear. According to him brave men need not be fearless but should be able to conquer fear.

  1. Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?

Answer: Mandela thinks for human beings it natural to love rather than to hate.

  1. Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?

Answer: The presence of large number of international leaders was a gesture of solidarity from international community to the idea of the end of apartheid. It signified the triumph of good over evil, the triumph of the idea of a tolerant society without any discrimination.

  1. What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all those African patriots” who had gone before him?

Answer: As Mandela was carrying forward the baton of the freedom struggle, he was also carrying the legacy of leaders of yesteryears. In a baton race the new runner simply carries forward the work done by his predecessors. This is what Nelson Mandela was doing. That is what he was trying to convey by making this statement.

  1. Would you agree that the “depths of oppression” create “heights of character”? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?

Answer: I agree with the statement that depths of oppression create heights of character. Nelson Mandela illustrates this by giving examples of great heroes of South Africa who sacrificed their lives in the long freedom struggle.

India is full of such examples. During our freedom struggle there was a galaxy of leaders of great characters. Probably the oppression of British rule created so many men of such characters. If we compare this with the quality of political leaders India is having today, then Nelson Mandela seems to be absolutely right.

  1. How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

Answer: During young age freedom for Mandela meant a freedom on a personal level. The freedom to raise a family, and the freedom to earn a livelihood. After gaining experience the freedom meant a lot more to Nelson Mandela. It was a freedom for everybody. It was a freedom from fear and prejudice. Age and experience made his perspective wider.

  1. How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?

Answer: Slowly Nelson Mandela’s hunger for freedom turned from that on a personal level to a broader mass level. This changed the fearful man to a fearless rebel. He sacrificed the comforts of a settled family life to fight for a greater cause.

  1. What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?

Answer: In South Africa or in any nation there are two obligations for a person. One is at the personal level towards his family. Another obligation is towards the society. Apart from striving for personal goals a person should also work hard to contribute something to the society.

  1. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy, and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms” with “the basic and honourable freedoms”?

Answer: Like any other kid for Mandela also the freedom meant a freedom to make merry and enjoy the blissful life. Once anybody becomes an adult then antics of childhood looks like transitory because most of the childish activity is wasteful from an adult’s perspective.

Once you are adult then someday you have to earn a livelihood to bring the bacon home, then only you get an honourable existence in the family and in the society.

  1. Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?

Answer: Mandela does not think that the oppressor is free. Because, the oppressor is, the prisoner of hatred and prejudice.

Glimpses of India: Coorg

  1. Where is Coorg?

Answer: Coorg is situated in Karnataka. It is midway from Mysore to Mangalore.

  1. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent?

Answer: It is believed that Kodavu people are of Arabic origin. It is said that some of Alexander’s army moved to the south and settled there. Their costumes, martial practices and marriage rituals also point to the fact that they are from Arabic origin.

  1. What are some of the things you now know about

(i) the people of Coorg?

Answer: The people of Coorg are a proud martial race. Their women are beautiful. Martial race means those who have well developed fighting skills. They have a great tradition of hospitality. They would often recount stories of valour of their menfolks.

(ii) the main crop of Coorg?

Answer: The description of abundance of coffee plantations indicate that coffee is the main crop of Coorg.

(iii) the sports it offers to tourists?

Answer: The sporting activities in Coorg are of high energy variety. They are river rafting, canoeing, rock climbing, rappelling and mountain biking.

(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg?

Answer: Macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs and slender loris are widely found in Coorg. Apart from them elephants are also present.

(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there?

Answer: Coorg is 252 kms from Bangalore. From Mysore it is 146 Kms and there is good train connectivity between Mysore and Coorg. From Bangalore bus services are available. From the rest of India anybody can reach Bangalore airport by flight and proceed towards Coorg. (ref: http://www.karnataka.com/tourism/coorg )

  1. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)

(i) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)

Answer: During the monsoons, it pours enough to keep many visitors away.

(ii) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)

Answer: As one story goes, a part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled here when return became impractical.

(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)

Answer: Coorgi homes have a tradition of hospitality, and they are more than willing to recount numerous tales of valour related to their sons and fathers.

(iv) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)

Answer: The most laidback individuals become converts to the life of high-energy adventure with river rafting.

(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)

Answer: The theory of Arab origin draws support from the long, black coat with an embroidered waist-belt worn by the Kodavus.

(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy.

Answer: Macaques, Malabar squirrels, langurs and slender loris keep a watchful eye from the tree canopy.

Madam Rides The Bus

  1. What was Valli’s favourite pastime?

Answer: As Valli had no playmate of her age, so her favourite pastime was to stand in her doorway and watch the street. The street outside used to be full of activities which were enough to keep her amused and engaged.

  1. What was a source of unending joy for Valli? What was her strongest desire?

Answer: The bus was a source of unending joy for her. The bus used to bring a new set of passengers every-time it came from the town. The diversity of people, their activities were a treat to watch for Valli. Her strongest desire was to take a ride in the bus at least once.

  1. What did Valli find out about the bus journey? How did she find out these details?

Answer: Valli tried to listen to her neighbours to get the desired information about the bus journey. She would ask some discrete questions to get more information. She got information about distance of the town from her village and the total journey time it usually took.

  1. What do you think Valli was planning to do?

Answer: Till now information provided in the story indicate towards her plan to fulfill her strongest desire which was to go on a bus ride.

  1. Why does the conductor call Valli ‘madam’?

Answer: Valli is trying to behave more mature than her age. She is trying to look overconfident and smart. The conductor is amused at her behaviour and in an effort to tease her calls her ‘madam’.

  1. Why does Valli stand up on the seat? What does she see now?

Answer: Valli’s view was obstructed because of a canvas blind on the window and because of her small height as well, she was unable to have a good view outside. She stood up on her seat to have a better view of the scenery outside. She could see a canal with palm trees, grasslands, distant mountains and blue sky as backdrop. On the other side there was a ditch followed by vast tract of greenery.

  1. What does Valli tell the elderly man when he calls her a child?

Answer: Valli doesn’t like to be called a child. She thinks that she is grown up. She says that she had paid her full fair the way adults do. This is typical behaviour shown by many kids of Valli’s age.

  1. Why didn’t Valli want to make friends with the elderly woman?

Answer: The elderly woman was having big earlobes with bigger holes. She chewing betel nut and the betel juice was about to seep out of her mouth. She was giving a sight of unrefined elderly lady. That is why Vaali did not want to make friends with her.

  1. How did Valli save up money for her first journey? Was it easy for her?

Answer: Valli saved every coin that came her way. She made great sacrifices by controlling her normal childish urges of having candies, toys and joyrides. This must have been difficult for her. Kids find it very difficult to savour a candy or to enjoy a toy.

  1. What did Valli see on her way that made her laugh?

Answer: A scared cow was running for her life in the middle of the road. It was jumping with tails up. The more incessantly bus driver honked the more furious its scamper became. Valli could not control her laughter after seeing this.

  1. Why didn’t she get off the bus at the bus station?

Answer: She did not know anything about the town so was afraid of getting lost. Moreover, her meticulous savings plan allowed her enough money to buy only tickets for her journey. Additionally, she had to return before her mother could find her missing.

  1. Why didn’t Valli want to go to the stall and have a drink? What does this tell you about her?

Answer: She did not want to take obligation from the conductor. This indicates that she is taught of not taking anything from strangers. She may be a small child but she knows how to behave properly in the outside world.