Learning TENSES the Easiest Way, Day 2

Learning TENSES the Easiest Way

Day 2

Let us look at the points of time various Tenses refer to :

Tenses When used
(1) Simple Present To express universal truth or habitual action. It may also refer to the future in conditional sentences.
(2) Simple Past To express an action that was over. It may also be used in conditional sentences.
(3) Simple Future To express a future event in general. It may also be used conditional sentences.
(4) Present Perfect To express an action that has been just finished.
(5) Past Perfect To express an action that had got over before another action. It may also be used in conditional sentences.
(6) Future Perfect To express an action that will be completely finished before another future action or time.
(7) Present Continuous To express an action that is now going on. It may be used to express an action that will happen in a short period of time (usually within a month)
(8) Past Continuous To express an action that was happening in the past.
(9) Future Continuous To express an action that will be going on in the future.
(10) Present Perfect Continuous To express an action that started in the past and has been continuing upto the present time.
(11) Past Perfect Continuous To express an action that had been happening before another action in the past.

We see that the Present Tenses do not always refer to the present time. These may express future time too (See Present Continuous or Simple Present Tense) or conditional statements (referring to an action that did not happen at all, but was possible of happening). Likewise, the Past Tenses may express conditional statements. So, Tenses are not a single time-marker.

You must be wondering what conditional statements are. Here’s how you can identify these: (i) Starts with “It is time”, (ii) There may an “If” in the beginning or in the middle, (iii) There may “as if” or “as though”, (iv) There may be words like “would”, “should”, “could”, “might”. E.g. – If he comes I shall not go. She behaves as if she knew everything. It is time we went to bed. We would have gone out if they had come.

Let us engage in a language game. Here are a few sentences. Try to identify the Tenses from the italicized parts : (answers are at the bottom of this post)

Q. Identify the Tense :

(a) I had been suffering from fever for two days.

(b) They were playing cricket.

(c) We will have arrived home before it rains.

(d) It is raining now.

(e) We go for a walk every morning.

(f) He has been living here since 1996.

(g) They will be travelling by train this time tomorrow.

(h) The guests have arrived just now.

(i) Are you reading books?

(j) The train had left before they arrived at the station.

(k) I shall have done my homework by 10 p.m.

Some of the most used Main Verbs and their four forms:

Present Tense form Past Tense form Past Participle form “-ing” or Continuous form
buy bought bought buying
bring brought brought bringing
build built built building
begin began begun beginning
be/am/is/are was/were been being
can could could —–
catch caught caught catching
call called called calling
come came come coming
do did done doing
dance danced danced dancing
die died died dying
dream dreamt dreamt dreaming
drive drove driven driving
eat ate eaten eating
fight fought fought fighting
feel felt felt feeling
go went gone going
get got got/gotten getting
gift gifted gifted gifting
hear heard heard hearing
help helped helped helping
have/has had had having
kill killed killed killing
keep kept kept keeping
look looked looked looking
like liked liked liking
love loved loved loving
laugh laughed laughed laughing
learn learnt learnt learning
leave left left leaving
live lived lived living
lose lost lost losing
finish finished finished finishing
find found found finding
meet met met meeting
make made made making
need needed needed needing
neglect neglected neglected neglecting
open opened opened opening
offer offered offered offering
put put put putting
pay paid paid paying
play played played playing
pass passed passed passing
run ran run running
rise rose risen rising
rain rained rained raining
read read read reading
ring rang rung ringing
sing sang sung singing
sit sat sat sitting
see saw seen seeing
serve served served serving
stand stood stood standing
start started started starting
stay stayed stayed staying
suffer suffered suffered suffering
move moved moved moving
cry cried cried crying
steal stole stolen stealing
lock locked locked locking
take took taken taking
use used used using
understand understood understood understanding
work worked worked working
write wrote written writing
walk walked walked walking
wait waited waited waiting
win won won winning

{ Answers to the language game:– 
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………


>> The rest of the article is available at englishforschools.co.nf (click here)

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